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E02793: Augustine of Hippo (North Africa), preaches in Latin a sermon for the feast of Quadratus (martyr and bishop of Utica, one of the *Martyrs of Massa Candida, S00904), celebrated four days after that of the *Martyrs of Massa Candida (S01324). Sermon 306C, preached probably c. 397.

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posted on 10.05.2017, 00:00 by robert
Augustine of Hippo, Sermon 306C

[Sermo sancti Augustini episcopi ad mensam Cypriani de sancto Quadrato

'Sermon of Saint Augustine the Bishop at the Table of Saint Cyprian on Saint Quadratus']


1. Hoc discens et docens iste Quadratus – erat enim episcopus – cuius sollemnitatem hodie celebramus, cum tota plebe sua, clericis et laicis, confessus est Christum. Praemisit gregem, quem pascebat: post quadriduum Quadratus secutus est. Massa enim Candida, cuius ante quadriduum sollempnitas celebrata est, plebs erat Dei, gubernationi huius credita. Quam magnum parietem signinarium regebat iste Quadratus.

'Quadratus, whose feast we are celebrating today, both learned and taught his lesson - he was a bishop, you see - and with his whole people, clergy and laity, confessed Christ. He sent the flock on ahead, which he had been pasturing; four days later Quadratus followed them. The Shining White Mass (Massa Candida), you see, whose feast was celebrated four days ago, was the people of God entrusted to this man's care. What a splendid wall for wall posters this Quadratus had presided over.'

In the next passage of the sermon (§ 2) Augustine comments upon Quadratus' name, which denotes firmness. The rest of the sermon does not refer to him anymore.

Text: Morin 1930, 646. Translation: Hill 1994, 36. Summary: Robert Wiśniewski.

History

Evidence ID

E02793

Saint Name

Martyrs of Massa Candida (Utica), ob. c. 258 : S00904

Saint Name in Source

Massa Candida

Type of Evidence

Literary - Sermons/Homilies

Language

Latin

Evidence not before

397

Evidence not after

430

Activity not before

397

Activity not after

430

Place of Evidence - Region

Latin North Africa

Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Carthage Carthago Karthago قرطاج‎ Qarṭāj Mçidfa Carthage

Major author/Major anonymous work

Augustine of Hippo

Cult activities - Liturgical Activity

  • Service for the Saint

Cult activities - Festivals

  • Saint’s feast

Cult Activities - Protagonists in Cult and Narratives

Ecclesiastics - bishops

Source

The sermon is tentatively dated to 397 on the basis of intertextual references and its place in the collection of Augustine's sermons.

Discussion

For the feasts of Quadratus and the martyrs of Massa Candida in the Calendar of Carthage see E02199.

Bibliography

Text: Morin, G., Sancti Augustini Sermones post Maurinos reperti (Miscellanea Agostiniana, vol. 1; Rome: Tipografia Poliglotta Vaticana, 1930). Translation: Hill, E., The Works of Saint Augustine. A Translation for the 21st Century, vol. III 9, Sermons 306-340A on the Saints (New York: New City Press, 1994). Dating: Kunzelmann, A., "Die Chronologie der sermones des hl. Augustinus," Miscellanea Agostiniana, vol. 2 (Rome: Tipografia Poliglotta Vaticana, 1931), 417-452.

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