Saint NameBarnabas, apostle and companion of *Paul the Apostle, ob. c. 61 : S00786
Saint Name in SourceBarnabas
Type of EvidenceLiterary - Other narrative texts (including Histories)
Evidence not before615
Evidence not after626
Activity not before474
Activity not after491
Place of Evidence - RegionIberian Peninsula
Place of Evidence - City, village, etcSeville
Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)Seville
Major author/Major anonymous workIsidore of Seville
Cult activities - PlacesBurial site of a saint - unspecified
Cult Activities - MiraclesRevelation of hidden knowledge (past, present and future)
Cult Activities - RelicsBodily relic - entire body
Discovering, finding, invention and gathering of relics
Handwriting of a saint
SourceIsidore, bishop of Seville (Iberian Peninsula) composed the Chronica maiora first in 615/616 during the reign of Sisebut. Then he revised and lengthened it in 626 during the reign of Swinthila (see Koon and Wood 2008, and Martín 2005).
DiscussionIsidore in the Chronicle inserts the dates from the creation of the world which he correlates with the dates of the reign of kings and emperors. The note about Barnabas and the Gospel of Matthew is dated to the reign of Zeno, which ended in 5687 or 5690 year of the creation (depending on the redaction of the Chronicle).
The text of the note is identical in both redactions. Isidore derived the information on the discovery of Barnabas and the Gospel of Matthew from the Chronicle of Victor of Tunnuna (E02630).
J.C. Martín, Isidori Hispalensis Chronica (Corpus Christianorum Series Latina 112; Turnhout 2003).
T. Mommsen, Isidori Iunioris episcopi Hispalensis Chronica maiora ed. primum ad a. DCXV (615) (Monumenta Germaniae Historica, Auctores antiquissimi 11; Berlin 1894), 424-488.
S. Koon, and J. Wood, "The Chronica Maiora of Isidore of Seville: An introduction and translation", e-Spania 6 (2008); e-spania.revues.org/15552 ; DOI: 10.4000/e-spania.15552.
J.C. Martín, "Les remaniements de la second rédaction de la Chronique d’Isidore de Séville: typologie et motivations", Revue bénédictine 115 (2005), 5-26.