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E02447: Fragment of a Coptic Martyrdom of Apa *Pshoi (S01245), of unknown Egyptian provenance; datable to the 7th century.

online resource
posted on 03.03.2017, 00:00 by gschenke
BKU 3 325

Pschoi stands trial under the hegemon Culcianus and refuses to sacrifice to Apollo and Artemis.

Fragment 4, lines 110–124 seem to suggest that the saint has performed some sort of impressive miracle. He later gets imprisoned, presumably after being tortured for refusing to sacrifice to Apollo and Artemis. Christ then releases him from prison and heals the wounds inflicted on his body (fragment a).

(Text and German trans. H. Satzinger)

History

Evidence ID

E02447

Saint Name

Pshoi, 4th century Egyptian martyr under Culcianus : S01245

Saint Name in Source

ⲡϣⲟ

Type of Evidence

Literary - Hagiographical - Accounts of martyrdom Late antique original manuscripts - Papyrus codex

Language

Coptic

Evidence not before

400

Evidence not after

699

Activity not before

400

Activity not after

699

Place of Evidence - Region

Egypt and Cyrenaica

Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Hermopolis ϣⲙⲟⲩⲛ Ashmunein Hermopolis

Cult activities - Non Liturgical Practices and Customs

Composing and translating saint-related texts

Source

The papyrus fragments containing the Martyrdom of Apa Pshoi once formed part of the same codex as E02446. The fragments are likewise housed at the papyrus collection in Berlin under the same inventory number, P.Berol. inv. 22112,3 (a+b).4. The text of the manuscript has been dated on palaeographical grounds, though the original composition is believed to date back to the 5th/6th century.

Discussion

Too little has survived to determine who this Pshoi is, for possibilities see the collection of sources in A. Papaconstantinou, Cult, p. 220.

Bibliography

Edition: Satzinger, H., Koptische Urkunden III, Ägyptische Urkunden aus den Staatlichen Museen Berlin (Berlin, 1968), 18-26. Discussion: Papaconstantinou, A., Le culte des saints en Égypte des Byzantins aux Abbassides (Paris, 2001), 220.

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Evidence -  The Cult of Saints in Late Antiquity

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