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E02442: Coptic Letter, from the monastery of Epiphanius at Thebes (Upper Egypt), mentioning *Phoibammon (Phoibammon, soldier and martyr of Assiut, S00080), datable to the first half of the 7th century.

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posted on 03.03.2017, 00:00 by gschenke
P.Mon.Epiph. 483

This is a fragmentary letter from Epiphanius mentioning a visit to saint Phoibammon, most likely the famous healing saint whose shrine was located nearby at the monastery of Apa Phoibammon on the mountain of Jeme, at Deir el-Bahari.

Line 3 of fragment D reads as follows:

]ⲉⲓ ⲉⲡϩⲁ[ⲅ]ⲓⲟⲥ ⲫⲟⲓⲃⲁⲙ[ⲙⲱ]ⲛ

'…] come to the saint Phoibammon …'

(Text and trans. W. E. Crum, slightly modified)

History

Evidence ID

E02442

Saint Name

Phoibammon, soldier and martyr of Assiut (ob. c. 304) : S00080

Saint Name in Source

ⲡϩⲁ[ⲅ]ⲓⲟⲥ ⲫⲟⲓⲃⲁⲙ[ⲙⲱ]ⲛ

Type of Evidence

Documentary texts - Letter Late antique original manuscripts - Papyrus sheet

Language

Coptic

Evidence not before

600

Evidence not after

650

Activity not before

600

Activity not after

650

Place of Evidence - Region

Egypt and Cyrenaica

Place of Evidence - City, village, etc

Thebes

Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Thebes Hermopolis ϣⲙⲟⲩⲛ Ashmunein Hermopolis

Cult activities - Places

Cult building - monastic

Cult activities - Non Liturgical Practices and Customs

Visiting graves and shrines

Source

Four papyrus fragments belonging to this letter have been found on the rubbish heaps at the monastery of Epiphanius at Thebes. They are now housed at the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York, MMA 12.180.310. The text has been dated on palaeographical grounds.

Bibliography

Text and Translation: Crum, W.E., and Evelyn White, H.G., The Monastery of Epiphanius at Thebes, Part II (The Metropolitan Museum of Art Egyptian Expedition; New York, 1926), p. 107 (text), p. 277 (trans.).

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