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E02431: Augustine of Hippo preaches in Latin a sermon on the feast of *John the Baptist (S00020). Sermon 293, preached c. AD 413, probably in Hippo Regius (North Africa).

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posted on 28.02.2017, 00:00 by robert
Augustine of Hippo, Sermon 293

[In natali Ioannis Baptistae

'On the birthday of John the Baptist]


Sancti Ioannis, cuius natiuitatem, cum euangelium legeretur, mirantes audiuimus, solemnitatem hodie celebramus.

'It's the feast of Saint John, about whose birth we heard with wonder when the gospel was being read, that we are celebrating today.'


In what follows Augustine comments upon the relation between Christ and John the Baptist, emphasises that they are the only men whose earthly birthday the Church celebrates, and reflects on the dates of their respective solemnities, winter and summer solstice. He also shows John as an example of humility and present Christ as the only mediator between people and God (§§ 7-8).

Text: Patrologia Latina 38, 1327. Translation: Hill 1994, 148. Summary: Robert Wiśniewski.

History

Evidence ID

E02431

Saint Name

John the Baptist : S00020

Saint Name in Source

Ioannes Baptista

Type of Evidence

Literary - Sermons/Homilies

Language

Latin

Evidence not before

397

Evidence not after

430

Activity not before

397

Activity not after

430

Place of Evidence - Region

Latin North Africa

Place of Evidence - City, village, etc

Hippo Regius

Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Hippo Regius Carthage Carthago Karthago قرطاج‎ Qarṭāj Mçidfa Carthage

Major author/Major anonymous work

Augustine of Hippo

Cult activities - Liturgical Activity

  • Sermon/homily

Cult activities - Festivals

  • Saint’s feast

Cult Activities - Protagonists in Cult and Narratives

Ecclesiastics - bishops

Source

The sermon is dated to AD 413 on the basis of intertextual references and its place in the collection of Augustine's sermons.

Bibliography

Text: Migne, J.P., Patrologia Latina 38 (Paris, 1865). Translation: Hill, E., The Works of Saint Augustine. A Translation for the 21st Century, vol. III 8, Sermons 273-305A on the Saints (New York: New City Press, 1994). Dating: Kunzelmann, A., "Die Chronologie der sermones des hl. Augustinus," Miscellanea Agostiniana, vol. 2 (Rome: Tipografia Poliglotta Vaticana, 1931), 417-452.

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Evidence -  The Cult of Saints in Late Antiquity

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