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E02357: Greek antichretic loan, from Alexandria, mentioning a martyrion of *John the Baptist (S00020), dated to the year 499/500.

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posted on 10.02.2017, 00:00 by dlambert
P.Oxy. 63 4395

This loan document involves Flavius Julianus who had previously borrowed a much larger sum of money from someone else, see E02356. He states his residency as near the martyr shrine of John the Baptist, lines 2–4:

Φλ(άουϊος) Ἰουλιανὸς λ[αμπρότατος τριβοῦνος υἱὸς τοῦ τῆς]
μακαρίας μνήμ̣[ης Εὐσεβίου οἰκῶν] π̣λησ̣ί̣ο̣ν̣ τ̣[οῦ μαρτυρίου]
τοῦ ἁγίου Βαπτιστοῦ [ἐν τ]ο̣ῖς ἰδίοις

'Flavius Julianus, vir clarissimus, tribune, son of Eusebius of blessed memory, resident near the martyrium of St John the Baptist on his own premises, …'


(Text and trans.: J. R. Rea)

A complete record of the document with images and bibliography can be found at:

http://papyri.info/ddbdp/p.oxy;63;4395

History

Evidence ID

E02357

Saint Name

John the Baptist : S00020

Saint Name in Source

ὁ Βαπτιστής

Type of Evidence

Documentary texts - Other private document Late antique original manuscripts - Papyrus sheet

Language

Greek

Evidence not before

499

Evidence not after

500

Activity not before

499

Activity not after

500

Place of Evidence - Region

Egypt and Cyrenaica Egypt and Cyrenaica

Place of Evidence - City, village, etc

Alexandria Oxyrhynchos

Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Alexandria Hermopolis ϣⲙⲟⲩⲛ Ashmunein Hermopolis Oxyrhynchos Hermopolis ϣⲙⲟⲩⲛ Ashmunein Hermopolis

Cult activities - Places

Martyr shrine (martyrion, bet sāhedwātā, etc.)

Cult activities - Places Named after Saint

  • Towns, villages, districts and fortresses

Source

The document in the form of a papyrus roll comes from Alexandria, but was possibly found at Oxyrhynchos and is now housed in the Sackler Library at Oxford.

Discussion

This martyr shrine of John the Baptist was located in Alexandria. The shrine, and the man involved in this transaction, are the same as those recorded in E02356.

Bibliography

Text and translation: Rea, J.R.,, The Oxyrhynchus Papyri LΧIII, published by the Egypt Exploration Society in Graeco-Roman Memoirs (London, 1996), 132–146.

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Evidence -  The Cult of Saints in Late Antiquity

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