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E02284: Greek oracle question from Oxyrhynchos (Middle Egypt), posed to *Philoxenos (saint with cult at Oxyrhynchos, S00443), and mentioning a hospital (nosokomion) of the saint, datable to the 6th century.

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posted on 27.01.2017, 00:00 by gschenke
P.Oxy. 8 1150

The text was very likely posed in the saint's shrine together with a counterpart phrased in the opposite way, so as to get one of the texts back as the saint's answer. The question posed concerns the healing prospects of a man named Anoup; specifically whether he would benefit from being taken to the saint's hospital.

+
+ Ὁ θεὸς τοῦ προστάτου ἡμῶν
τοῦ ἁγίου Φιλοξένου, ἐὰν
κελεύεις εἰσενεγκεῖν
εἰς τὸ νοσοκομῖόν σου Ἀνούπ;
δεῖξον τὴν δύναμ[ίν σου]
καὶ ἐξέλθῃ τὸ πιττ[ά]κ[ιον].


'O God of our patron Saint Philoxenos, dost thou bid us take Anoup to thy hospital (nosokomion)? Show thy power and let this prayer be accomplished.'

(Text and trans: A. S. Hunt)


'O God of our patron, St. Philoxenos, if you command us to bring Anoup to your hospital, show [your] power, and let the message come forth.'

(Trans.: M. Meyer)
Evidence -  The Cult of Saints in Late Antiquity

Categories

Keywords

History

Evidence ID

E02284

Saint Name

Philoxenos : S00443

Saint Name in Source

Φιλόξενος

Type of Evidence

Liturgical texts - Divinatory texts and oracle questions Late antique original manuscripts - Papyrus sheet

Language

Greek

Evidence not before

500

Evidence not after

599

Activity not before

500

Activity not after

599

Place of Evidence - Region

Egypt and Cyrenaica

Place of Evidence - City, village, etc

Oxyrhynchos

Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Oxyrhynchos Hermopolis ϣⲙⲟⲩⲛ Ashmunein Hermopolis

Cult activities - Places

Cult building - unspecified

Cult activities - Places Named after Saint

  • Hospital and other charitable institutions

Cult activities - Non Liturgical Practices and Customs

Prayer/supplication/invocation

Cult Activities - Protagonists in Cult and Narratives

Other lay individuals/ people

Source

The papyrus was found at Oxyrhynchos and has been dated on palaeographical grounds.

Discussion

The text suggests that the cult of Philoxenos in Oxyrhynchos was in fact a healing cult with a hospital associated with it.

Bibliography

Edition: Hunt, A.S., The Oxyrhynchus Papyri vol. VIII, Published by the Egypt Exploration Society in Graeco-Roman Memoirs (London, 1911), 251. Translation: Meyer, M., Ancient Christian Magic: Coptic Texts of Ritual Power (San Francisco, 1994), 53.

Licence

Exports

Evidence -  The Cult of Saints in Late Antiquity

Categories

Keywords

Licence

Exports