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E02271: Augustine of Hippo preaches a sermon on the feast of *Vincentius (deacon and martyr of Saragossa and Valencia, S00290), after the public reading of his acts. Sermon 277A, preached in Latin, probably at Hippo Regius (North Africa) in c. 410/412.

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posted on 23.01.2017, 00:00 by mszada
Augustine of Hippo, Sermon 277A

[In natale sancto Vincenti

'On the birthday of St Vincent']


1. Vincentii martyris sancti fortissimam et gloriosissimam passionem celebrare Christus sollemniter iubet, et non segniter praedicare. Vidimus animo, et cogitatione conspeximus, quanta pertulerit, quae audierit, quae responderit, et quodammodo ante oculos nostros mirandum spectaculum constitutum est: iudex iniquus, tortor cruentus, martyr inuictus, crudelitatis pietatis que certamen; et hinc insania, inde uictoria.

'Christ commands us to celebrate with due solemnity the heroic and glorious sufferings of the holy martyr Vincent, and not to be slow in preaching about it. We have seen in spirit, and gazed in thought at all that he endured, that he heard, that he answered, and how a marvelous spectacle was staged before our very eyes: the wicked judge, the bloody-thirsty torturer, the invincible martyr, a contest between cruelty and piety; on this side raving madness, on that a splendid victory.'


In what follows Augustine refers frequently to the story of Vincent's sufferings.

2. ... Dignus itaque martyr Vincentius a domino coronari, in quo elegit et per sapientiam et per patientiam gloriari; dignus sollemni celebritate, dignus felicitate aeterna, pro qua adipiscenda leue quicquid minacissimus iudex terruit, quicquid carnifex cruentus inflixit.

'... And so the martyr Vincent was worthy to be crowned by the Lord, in whom he chose to boast through both his wisdom and patience; worthy of his perennial renown, worthy of eternal bliss, to gain which, whatever terrifying judge threatened him with, whatever the bloodthirsty executioner inflicted on him, is light indeed.'


Text: Morin 1930, 243-245. Translation: Hill 1994, 33. Summary: R. Wiśniewski.

History

Evidence ID

E02271

Saint Name

Vincent, deacon and martyr of Saragossa and Valencia, ob. c. 305 : S00290

Saint Name in Source

Vincentius

Type of Evidence

Literary - Sermons/Homilies

Language

Latin

Evidence not before

397

Evidence not after

430

Activity not before

397

Activity not after

430

Place of Evidence - Region

Latin North Africa

Place of Evidence - City, village, etc

Hippo Regius

Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Hippo Regius Carthage Carthago Karthago قرطاج‎ Qarṭāj Mçidfa Carthage

Major author/Major anonymous work

Augustine of Hippo

Cult activities - Liturgical Activity

  • Sermon/homily

Cult activities - Festivals

  • Saint’s feast

Cult activities - Non Liturgical Practices and Customs

Transmission, copying and reading saint-related texts

Cult Activities - Protagonists in Cult and Narratives

Ecclesiastics - bishops

Source

This sermon was probably preached in Hippo, Augustine's episcopal see. Its tentative dating to 410/412 is based on its relation with Augustine's other writings.

Bibliography

Text: Morin, G., Sancti Augustini Sermones post Maurinos reperti (Miscellanea Agostiniana, vol. 1; Rome: Tipografia Poliglotta Vaticana, 1930). Translation: Hill, E., The Works of Saint Augustine. A Translation for the 21st Century, vol. III 8, Sermons 273-305A on the Saints (New York: New City Press, 1994). Dating: Kunzelmann, A., "Die Chronologie der sermones des hl. Augustinus," Miscellanea Agostiniana, vol. 2 (Rome: Tipografia Poliglotta Vaticana, 1931), 417-452.

Usage metrics

Evidence -  The Cult of Saints in Late Antiquity

Categories

Keywords

Licence

Exports