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E02247: Augustine of Hippo preaches a sermon on the feast of *Vincent (deacon and martyr of Saragossa and Valencia, S00290), most probably after the public reading of his Martyrdom. Sermon 274, preached in Latin, probably at Hippo Regius (North Africa) in c. 410.

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posted on 13.01.2017, 00:00 by mszada
Augustine of Hippo, Sermon 274

[In natali martyris Vincenti

'On the birthday of the martyr Vincent']


Magnum spectaculum spectauimus oculis fidei, martyrem sanctum Vincentium ubique uincentem.
uicit in uerbis, uicit in poenis; uicit in confessione, uicit in tribulatione; uicit exustus ignibus, uicit submersus fluctibus: postremo uicit tortus, uicit mortuus.

'We have been watching a magnificent spectacle with the eyes of faith, the holy martyr Vincent everywhere victorious. He was victorious in his words, victorious in the pains he endured; victorious in his confession, victorious in his tribulations; victorious when burned with fire; victorious when submerged in the waves.'

There follows praise of Vincent, focused especially on his endurance in martyrdom.

Text: Patrologia Latina 38, 1252. Translation: Hill 1994, 23.

History

Evidence ID

E02247

Saint Name

Vincent, deacon and martyr of Saragossa and Valencia, ob. c. 305 : S00290

Saint Name in Source

Vincentius

Type of Evidence

Literary - Sermons/Homilies

Language

Latin

Evidence not before

397

Evidence not after

430

Activity not before

397

Activity not after

430

Place of Evidence - Region

Latin North Africa

Place of Evidence - City, village, etc

Hippo Regius

Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Hippo Regius Carthage Carthago Karthago قرطاج‎ Qarṭāj Mçidfa Carthage

Major author/Major anonymous work

Augustine of Hippo

Cult activities - Liturgical Activity

  • Sermon/homily

Cult activities - Festivals

  • Saint’s feast

Cult activities - Non Liturgical Practices and Customs

Transmission, copying and reading saint-related texts

Cult Activities - Protagonists in Cult and Narratives

Ecclesiastics - bishops

Source

The sermon is tentatively dated to c. 410 on the basis of intertextual references, but this dating is far from being sure. It was possibly preached in Hippo, Augustine's episcopal see.

Discussion

The first phrase of this sermon suggested that it followed the reading of Vincent's acts.

Bibliography

Text: Migne, J.P., Patrologia Latina 38 (Paris, 1865). Translation: Hill, E., The Works of Saint Augustine: A Translation for the 21st Century, vol. III 8. Sermons 273-305A for the Saints ‬(New York: New City Press, 1994). Dating: Kunzelmann, A., "Die Chronologie der sermones des hl. Augustinus," Miscellanea Agostiniana, vol. 2 (Rome: Tipografia Poliglotta Vaticana, 1931), 417-452.

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