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E02236: Fragmentary Greek inscription mentioning martyrs whose names are lost. Found at Bostra (Roman province of Arabia). Probably 6th c.

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posted on 07.01.2017, 00:00 by pnowakowski
τοὺς ἁγίους μ[αρ]-
τύρας ὅτου Π[ρο]-
κοπί[ου - -]ΤΗ̣Λ[..]
Λ [- - - - - - - ]
[- -]Η[- - -]Ο[- -]

'The holy martyrs [- - -] of/under Prokopios (?) [- - -]'

Text: IGLS 13/1, no. 9043.

History

Evidence ID

E02236

Saint Name

Unnamed martyrs (or name lost) : S00060

Type of Evidence

Inscriptions - Formal inscriptions (stone, mosaic, etc.)

Language

Greek

Evidence not before

500

Evidence not after

600

Activity not before

500

Activity not after

600

Place of Evidence - Region

Arabia

Place of Evidence - City, village, etc

Bosra

Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Bosra Sakkaia / Maximianopolis Σακκαια Sakkaia Saccaea Eaccaea Maximianopolis Shaqqa Schaqqa Shakka

Cult activities - Places

Cult building - independent (church)

Cult Activities - Protagonists in Cult and Narratives

Other lay individuals/ people

Source

A complete basalt block, with ornaments in the upper corners. H. 0.43 m; W. 0.705 m; Th. 0.24 m. Letter height 0.03-0.04 m. The inscription is scarcely legible. The stone was first recorded by Maurice Sartre in the 1970s, during his surveys of Bostra, in a storage room of the citadel. The original find-spot is unknown. First published by Sartre in 1982, with a photograph.

Discussion

As the inscription is poorly preserved, its precise nature is not clear. The restorations of lines 1-3, suggested by Maurice Sartre, are hypothetical, but the text might indeed refer to a dedication to some 'holy martyrs', for example, from a certain Prokopios, or to the construction of a martyr shrine under a bishop named Prokopios, etc. The names of these martyrs, if they were ever mentioned, are now lost. They could have been Sergios, Bakchos, and/or Leontios: the primary martyrs to whom the cathedral church of Bostra was dedicated in 512/513 (see: E02234). Our inscription is also likely to date to the 6th c.

Bibliography

Edition: Sartre, M. (ed.), Les inscriptions grecques et latines de la Syrie, vol. 13/1: Bostra: nos. 9001 à 9472 (BAH 13, Paris: Librairie orientaliste P. Geuthner, 1982), no. 9043.

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