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E02215: Greek inscription just possibly referring to *Elijah (Old Testament prophet, S00217). Found at Breikeh (ancient Borechath Sabaon), to the north of Dionysias and Bostra (Roman province of Arabia). Dated 505/506.

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posted on 04.01.2017, 00:00 by pnowakowski
The inscription is on a basalt lintel (H. 0.29 m; W. 1.46-1.63 m; Th. 0.40 m; letter height 0.08-0.10 m) set over a doorway to a stable, in a complex of apparently ancient houses. It was recorded for the first time only recently, by Annie Sartre-Fauriat and Maurice Sartre. The actual meaning of the inscription is not clear, but it might refer to the prophet Elijah (perhaps to a church dedicated to the saint) or to an homonymous founder of the building. Line 2 contains a date probably computed as the 400th year of the era of the province of Arabia, which corresponds to AD 505/506:

+ Ἠλίας Β Θεοφίλα
Φ ΙΧΙ ἔτους υ΄

2. possibly φ(ύλαξον) Χ(ριστέ) the Sartres

For further comments see the edition in IGLS 15/2, no. 405a.
Evidence -  The Cult of Saints in Late Antiquity

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History

Evidence ID

E02215

Saint Name

Elijah, Old Testament prophet : S00217

Saint Name in Source

Ἠλίας

Type of Evidence

Inscriptions - Formal inscriptions (stone, mosaic, etc.)

Language

Greek

Evidence not before

505

Evidence not after

506

Activity not before

505

Activity not after

506

Place of Evidence - Region

Arabia Arabia Arabia

Place of Evidence - City, village, etc

Bosra Dionysias Breikeh/Borechath Sabaon

Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Bosra Sakkaia / Maximianopolis Σακκαια Sakkaia Saccaea Eaccaea Maximianopolis Shaqqa Schaqqa Shakka Dionysias Sakkaia / Maximianopolis Σακκαια Sakkaia Saccaea Eaccaea Maximianopolis Shaqqa Schaqqa Shakka Breikeh/Borechath Sabaon Sakkaia / Maximianopolis Σακκαια Sakkaia Saccaea Eaccaea Maximianopolis Shaqqa Schaqqa Shakka

Cult activities - Places

Cult building - unspecified

Cult activities - Non Liturgical Practices and Customs

Construction of cult buildings

Cult Activities - Protagonists in Cult and Narratives

Women

Bibliography

Edition: Sartre-Fauriat, A., Sartre, M., Inscriptions grecques et latines de la Syrie, vol. 15/2: Le plateau du Trachôn et ses bordures (BAH 204, Beyrouth: Institut Français du Proche-Orient, 2014), no. 405a.

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Evidence -  The Cult of Saints in Late Antiquity

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