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E02170: Greek building inscription possibly for a martyr shrine (martyrion) dedicated to *Andronikos (perhaps the martyr of Anazarbos in Cilicia, S00710). Found at Jasem, to the southwest of Aere (northwest Roman province of Arabia). Probably 5th-7th c.

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posted on 21.12.2016, 00:00 by pnowakowski
προσφορᾷ Ἠλ-
ίας Εὐτροπίου τὸ μ(αρ)-
ΣΗΥΙ ἁ(γ)(ίου) [Ἀ]ν(δ)ρονικοῦ τ<ύ>ρ(ιον)
ΑCΓ[- - -]

col. I 1-2. Ἠλίας Sartre-Fauriat, Ἠλία Ewing || col. I 3. ΣΗΥΙ ἁ(γ)(ίου) Sartre-Fauriat, Σηυιαι (?) Ewing = προνυίαι = προνοίαι Paton apud Ewing || col. II possibly τὸ μ(αρ)τ<ύ>ρ(ιον) ΑCΓ[- - -] Sartre-Fauriat, τὸ μ[αρτύριον (?)] or μ[εμόριον (?)] | ταρ | ασπ Ewing

'As an offering. Elias, son of Eutropios. The martyr shrine (martyrion?) of Saint (?) Andronikos [- - -]'

Text: Sartre-Fauriat 2000, 312.


Evidence ID


Saint Name

Tarachos, Probus, and Andronikos (martyrs of Anazarbos, Cilicia, southeastern Asia Minor, ob. c. 304) : S00710

Saint Name in Source


Type of Evidence

Inscriptions - Formal inscriptions (stone, mosaic, etc.)



Evidence not before


Evidence not after


Activity not before


Activity not after


Place of Evidence - Region

Arabia Arabia

Place of Evidence - City, village, etc

Aere Jasem

Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Aere Sakkaia / Maximianopolis Σακκαια Sakkaia Saccaea Eaccaea Maximianopolis Shaqqa Schaqqa Shakka Jasem Sakkaia / Maximianopolis Σακκαια Sakkaia Saccaea Eaccaea Maximianopolis Shaqqa Schaqqa Shakka

Cult activities - Places

Cult building - independent (church)

Cult activities - Non Liturgical Practices and Customs

Bequests, donations, gifts and offerings

Cult Activities - Protagonists in Cult and Narratives

Other lay individuals/ people


Stone lintel. Broken and lost at the right-hand end and possibly at the left-hand end. Dimensions, as given by Ewing: H. 11" (= 0.2794 m), W. 4' 8" (= 1.4224 m). The inscription is written in two columns. Decorated with a carving of an Χ-shaped cross to the left of the first column and a regular Greek cross between the columns. When recorded, the stone was reused over a doorway at the north end of a mosque. First copied by William Ewing and published by Wright and Souter with his drawing in 1895. A preliminary new edition was offered by Annie Sartre-Fauriat in 2000. The inscription is to be republished in the fourteenth volume of Inscriptions grecques et latines de la Syrie.


This lintel stone bears a building inscription for a structure built by a certain Elias, son of Eutropios. The use of the term προσφορά/'offering' suggests that the building was a Christian sanctuary. The inscription was originally understood by the first editor, William Ewing as: 'By the offering of Elias, son of Eutropios . . . . by the care of Andronikos (?) the chapel of the martyr.' But Annie Sartre-Fauriat suggests that the name Andronikos, well visible in the drawing in line 3 of column I, is not of a supervisor of the building, but of the martyr to whom the shrine was dedicated. She suggests that this Andronikos could possibly be a member of the group of martyrs venerated in Anazarbos and Mopsuestia in Cilicia, southeast Asia Minor (E01128, cf. E01127). Although entirely hypothetical, this interpretation is very tempting, as Cilicia belonged to the Diocese of the East and had important ties with Syria and Arabia. Thus the spread of the cults of Cilician martyrs to our region would not be surprising. Even though a martyr shrine is probably mentioned in column II, the inscription was omitted by Robert Devressee in his paper on the cult of martyrs in Arabia, probably because of the poor state of preservation of the stone.


Edition: Inscriptions grecques et latines de la Syrie, vol. 14 (forthcoming). Sartre-Fauriat, A., "Georges, Serge, Élie et quelques autres saints connus et inédits de la province d'Arabie", in: Fr. Prévot (ed.), Romanité et cité chrétienne. Permances et mutations. Intégration et exclusion du Ier au VIe siècle. Mélanges en l'honneur d'Yvette Duval (Paris: De Boccard, 2000), 312. Wright, A.G., Souter, A. (from copies by W. Ewing), "Greek and other inscriptions collected in the Hauran", Palestine Exploration Fund Quarterly Statement 27 (1895), 45, no. 8. Reference works: Supplementum Epigraphicum Graecum 50, 1518.

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