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E02162: Coptic document of unknown Egyptian origin mentioning a presbyter of an institution dedicated to *Theodoros (probably the soldier and martyr of Amaseia and Euchaita, S00480), datable to the 7th century.

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posted on 21.12.2016, 00:00 by Bryan
CPR 4 210, lines 1–3:

† ⲁⲡ̣ⲁⲧⲏⲣ̣ ⲡⲓⲉⲗ(ⲁ)ⲭ(ⲓⲥⲧⲟⲥ) ⲛⲡⲡⲣⲉ(ⲥⲃⲩⲧⲉⲣⲟⲥ) ⲡϣ ⲛⲡⲙⲁⲕ(ⲁⲣⲓⲟⲥ) [ⲡ]ⲉⲧⲣⲟⲥ ⲡⲣⲟⲙ̣[ -ca.?- ]
ⲛⲡϩⲁ[ⲅⲓⲟⲥ] [ⲑⲉⲟ]ⲇⲱⲣ̣ⲉ ⲛⲡⲁⲟⲩⲱⲣⲉ ϩⲓⲧⲟⲟⲧⲧⲏ̣ⲩ̣ⲧ̣ⲛ̣   ̣[ -ca.?- ]-
ⲧⲓⲥⲧⲏ̣ⲥ̣ ⲛ̣[ⲡⲉⲓ]ⲧⲟ̣ⲡⲟⲥ ⲛⲟⲩⲱⲧ̣ ϫⲉ ⲧⲓϩⲟⲙ̣ⲟ̣ⲗⲟ̣ⲅ̣ⲓ   ̣  ̣  ̣[ -ca.?- ]

'Apater, the least presbyter, son of the blessed Peter, the inhabitant of [place name, I am writing to the dikaion of the topos] of saint Theodore of Paouore, represented through you, […] name, of the same topos. I acknowledge … […] …'

Text and German translation: W.C. Till. English translation: G. Schenke.

A full record of this document can be found at:;4;210


Evidence ID


Saint Name

Theodore, soldier and martyr of Amaseia and Euchaita : S00480

Type of Evidence

Documentary texts - Other private document



Evidence not before


Evidence not after


Activity not before


Activity not after


Place of Evidence - Region

Egypt and Cyrenaica

Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Hermopolis ϣⲙⲟⲩⲛ Ashmunein Hermopolis

Cult activities - Places

Cult building - unspecified


This fragmentary papyrus document belongs to the papyrus collection in Vienna. The document is dated on palaeographical grounds.


Whether the topos (place) mentioned here is a shrine or a monastery (or both, i.e. a monastery running a shrine), remains unclear. Theodore of Paouore could conceivably be a local saint of Paouore; but this is more likely to be a reference to a shrine of Theodore of Euchaita located in the village of Paouore.


Text and translation: Till, W.C., Corpus Papyrorum Raineri IV (CPR IV): Die koptischen Rechtsurkunden der Papyrussammlung der Österreichischen Nationalbibliothek (Vienna, 1958), 184. Mention: Papaconstantinou, A., Le culte des saints en Égypte des Byzantins aux Abbassides (Paris: CNRS, 2001), 424.

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Evidence -  The Cult of Saints in Late Antiquity