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E02156: Coptic receipt for rent, issued by the shrine of *Herouodj (martyr probably of Hermopolis, S01187), probably from the area of Hermopolis (Middle Egypt), datable to the 8th century.

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posted on 21.12.2016, 00:00 by gschenke
CPR 4 147

The beginning of the document reads as follows, lines 1–5:

† ⲡⲇⲓⲕⲉⲟⲛ ⲡⲉⲑⲩⲥⲓⲁⲥⲧⲏⲣⲓⲟⲛ ⲉⲧⲟⲩⲁⲁⲃ ⲛⲡϩⲁⲅⲓⲟⲥ
ϩⲉⲣⲟⲩⲱ[ϫ ϩⲓ]ⲧⲟⲟⲧ ⲡⲁϩⲟⲙⲟ ⲡⲇⲓⲁⲕⲟ(ⲛⲟⲥ) ⲁⲩⲱ ⲡⲱⲕⲱⲛⲟⲙⲟⲥ
[ -ca.?- ] [ⲛ]ⲛⲉⲕ̣ⲗ̣ⲏⲣⲉ̣ⲕⲟⲥ ⲛⲡⲓⲧⲟⲡⲟⲥ ⲛⲛⲟⲩⲱⲧ
[ⲉⲛⲥϩⲁⲓ ⲛⲛⲉ]ⲕⲗⲏⲣⲟⲩⲛⲟⲙⲟⲥ ⲛⲡⲙⲁⲕⲁⲣⲓⲟⲥ ⲯⲁϩ
ⲓ̣ⲱϩⲁ[ⲛⲛⲏ]ⲥ̣ ϫⲉ

'The dikaion of the holy altar of saint Herouodj, represented through me, Pahomo, the deacon and steward (oikonomos) […] clerics of the same place (topos), [we are writing to the] heirs of the blessed scribe John: … '


Text and German translation: W.C. Till. English translation: G. Schenke.

A full record of this document can be found at:

http://papyri.info/ddbdp/cpr;4;147

History

Evidence ID

E02156

Saint Name

Herouodj, martyr together with Moui : S01187

Saint Name in Source

ϩⲉⲣⲟⲩⲱ[ϫ]

Type of Evidence

Documentary texts - Lease or rental document

Language

Coptic

Evidence not before

700

Evidence not after

799

Activity not before

700

Activity not after

799

Place of Evidence - Region

Egypt and Cyrenaica Egypt and Cyrenaica

Place of Evidence - City, village, etc

Hermopolis Aphrodito

Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Hermopolis Hermopolis ϣⲙⲟⲩⲛ Ashmunein Hermopolis Aphrodito Hermopolis ϣⲙⲟⲩⲛ Ashmunein Hermopolis

Cult activities - Places

Cult building - unspecified

Source

The papyrus K 1334 belongs to the papyrus collection at Vienna. There is no record of its provenance, but the saint mentioned suggests an origin from the region of Hermopolis (see below). The document has been dated on palaeographical grounds.

Discussion

The saint's shrine mentioned here might have been part of a monastery whose juridical body (dikaion) is acknowledging receipt of a rent payment due from a recently deceased scribe whose heirs continue using the property and paying the rent. The saint mentioned here, spelled in Coptic 'Herouodj', has been associated with the saint Ωρουωνχιος/Horouonchios who appears in a 7th century fiscal document from Hermopolis, see E02208. The same saint, who is mentioned as a martyr in company with a man named Moui, appears in one form or another also in other documents from the area of both Hermopolis and Aphrodito, see E02158, E02209, E02210, E02211, and E02212.

Bibliography

Text and translation: Till, W.C., Corpus Papyrorum Raineri IV (CPR IV): Die koptischen Rechtsurkunden der Papyrussammlung der Österreichischen Nationalbibliothek (Vienna, 1958), 134. Mention: O'Leary, De L., Saints of Egypt (London: SPCK, 1937), 151. Papaconstantinou, A., Le culte des saints en Égypte des Byzantins aux Abbassides (Paris: CNRS, 2001), 222–223.

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