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E02125: Greek list from the city of Oxyrhynchos (Middle Egypt), presenting offerings to religious institutions, including ones dedicated to *Philoxenos (saint with cult at Oxyrhynchos, S00443), *Serenos/Sirenos (probably a martyr of Oxyrhynchos, S00134), and *Ioustos (presumably the soldier and martyr of Antinoopolis, S01172), datable to the 5th/6th century.

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posted on 15.12.2016, 00:00 by Bryan
P.Oxy. 67 4620:

† ἐπὶ τῆς θ ἰνδικ(τίωνος)
εἰς τὴν ἁγί(αν) προσφορ(ὰν)
τῆς μάμ̣μης
(ἀρτάβαι) υιϛ
5
εἰς τροφ(ὴν) τ̣ῶ̣ν χηρ(ῶν)
τῆς ἐκκλ̣(ησίας) Φοιβάμμ(ωνος)
(ἀρτάβης) 𐅵 / (ἀρτάβαι) ρπβ 𐅵 /
εἰς τὸν ἅγι(ον) Φιλόξενον
(ἀρτάβαι) ρ
10
εἰς τὸν ἅγι(ον) Σερῆνον
(ἀρτάβαι) ρ
εἰς τὸν ἅγι(ον) Ἰοῦστον
(ἀρτάβαι) κε
εἰς τὸ ξεν<ο>δοχ(εῖον) αὐ̣τοῦ̣
15
(ἀρτάβαι) κε
εἰς τὸ Ἄνω Καισάριον
(ἀρτάβαι) λ
εἰς τὸ Μέγα Ὄρος
(ἀρτάβαι) λ
20
εἰς τὸ μοναστήρ(ιον) Λευκαδίου
(ἀρτάβαι) κ
εἰς τὰ Ἄπα ιερακ̣ίονο̣ς
(ἀρτάβαι) ρ
εἰς τὸ μοναστήρ(ιον)
25
Ἄμα Ἰουλιανῆς
(ἀρτάβαι) ν
εἰς τὸ μοναστήρ(ιον)
Ἄμα Μαρίας
(ἀρτάβαι) ϛ
30
(γίνονται) (ἀρτάβαι) Απδ

'In the 9th indiction.
For the holy mass (?) for our (?) grandmother 416 artabas.
(5)
For the maintenance of the widows of the church of Phoibammon 1/2 artaba [per diem, making] 182 1/2 artabas [per annum].
For St Philoxenos 100 artabas.
(10) For St Serenos 100 artabas.
For St Ioustos 25 artabas.
For its guest-house
(15) 25 artabas.
For the Upper Caesareum 30 artabas.
For the Great Desert 30 artabas.
(20)
For the monastery of Leucadius 20 artabas.
For the house of (?) Apa Hieracio 100 artabas.
For the monastery of
(25) Ama Iouliana 50 artabas.
For the monastery of Ama Maria 6 artabas.
(30)
Total: 1084 artabas.'


Text and translation: J. David Thomas.

A full record of this document, complete with image is available at:
http://papyri.info/ddbdp/p.oxy;67;4620

History

Evidence ID

E02125

Saint Name

Philoxenos : S00443 Sirenos, martyr of Alexandria : S00134 Ioustos, son of the emperor Numerian, soldier martyr at Antinoopolis, under Diocletian : S01172

Saint Name in Source

Φιλόξενος Σερῆνος Ἰοῦστος

Type of Evidence

Documentary texts - List Late antique original manuscripts - Papyrus sheet

Language

Greek

Evidence not before

400

Evidence not after

599

Activity not before

400

Activity not after

599

Place of Evidence - Region

Egypt and Cyrenaica

Place of Evidence - City, village, etc

Oxyrhynchos

Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Oxyrhynchos Hermopolis ϣⲙⲟⲩⲛ Ashmunein Hermopolis

Cult activities - Places

Cult building - unspecified

Cult activities - Non Liturgical Practices and Customs

Distribution of alms

Source

The papyrus P.Oxy. 67 4620 is located at Oxford, Sackler Library, Papyrology Rooms, A22/5. The document is dated on palaeographical grounds.

Discussion

The payments are made not only to churches and shrines, but to monasteries and people as well. Noteworthy is the guest-house for the shrine of Ioustos for which the same amount as for the shrine itself is listed. A guest-house connected with a shrine would suggest a pilgrimage centre, probably connected with a healing shrine of Ioustos.

Bibliography

Edition: Thomas, J.D., "P.Oxy. 67 4620. Offerings to Religious Institutions," in: R.A. Coles (ed.), The Oxyrhynchus Papyri, vol. LXVII (London, 2001), 250–253.

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