File(s) not publicly available

E02122: Greek inscription on a lintel with the name of *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030). Found at Nāmr al-Hawā (to the south of Sheikh Meskin and to the north of Adraha, Roman province of Arabia). Probably late antique.

online resource
posted on 14.12.2016, 00:00 by pnowakowski
+ ὁ ἅγιος + Στέφανος

1. Στέφανος Sartre & Sartre-Fauriat, Σ<τ>έφανος Dunand

'+ Saint + Stephen.'

Text: IGLS 13/2, no. 9928.
Evidence -  The Cult of Saints in Late Antiquity

Categories

Keywords

History

Evidence ID

E02122

Saint Name

Stephen, the First Martyr : S00030

Saint Name in Source

Στέφανος

Type of Evidence

Inscriptions - Formal inscriptions (stone, mosaic, etc.)

Language

Greek

Evidence not before

450

Evidence not after

800

Activity not before

450

Activity not after

800

Place of Evidence - Region

Arabia Arabia

Place of Evidence - City, village, etc

Adraha Nāmr al-Hawā

Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Adraha Sakkaia / Maximianopolis Σακκαια Sakkaia Saccaea Eaccaea Maximianopolis Shaqqa Schaqqa Shakka Nāmr al-Hawā Sakkaia / Maximianopolis Σακκαια Sakkaia Saccaea Eaccaea Maximianopolis Shaqqa Schaqqa Shakka

Cult activities - Places

Cult building - independent (church)

Source

A stone lintel. There is no published description of dimensions and the precise whereabouts of the discovery. Decorated with a carving of a cross in the middle of the inscribed face. First published in 1950 by Maurice Dunand from his own copy. Republished in 2011 by Annie Sartre-Fauriat and Maurice Sartre, based on the earlier edition as they were unable to find the stone.

Discussion

The inscription seems to be the first and only epigraphic attestation to the cult of Stephen in the Hauran. The other alleged attestation (IGLS 13/2, no. 9662), cited by Robert Devreesse, is actually the epitaph for a man named Stephanos. If our text was really carved on a lintel, one can suppose that it labelled a church dedicated to Stephen the First Martyr.

Bibliography

Edition: Sartre, M., Sartre-Fauriat, A. (eds.), Inscriptions grecques et latines de la Syrie, vol. 13/2: Bostra (Supplément) et la plaine de la Nuqrah (BAH 194, Beirut: Institut français du Proche-Orient, 2011), no. 9928. Dunand, M., "Nouvelles inscriptions du Djebel Druze et du Hauran", Archiv Orientalni: Journal of the Czechoslovak Oriental Institute, Prague 18 (1950), no. 356. Further reading: Sartre-Fauriat, A., "Georges, Serge, Élie et quelques autres saints connus et inédits de la province d'Arabie", in: Fr. Prévot (ed.), Romanité et cité chrétienne. Permances et mutations. Intégration et exclusion du Ier au VIe siècle. Mélanges en l'honneur d'Yvette Duval (Paris: De Boccard, 2000), 306. Reference works: Bulletin épigraphique (1953), 218. Supplementum Epigraphicum Graecum 50, 1518. For the false attestation to the cult of Stephen, see: Sartre, M., Sartre-Fauriat, A. (eds.), Inscriptions grecques et latines de la Syrie, vol. 13/2: Bostra (Supplément) et la plaine de la Nuqrah (BAH 194, Beirut: Institut français du Proche-Orient, 2011), no. 9662. Sartre-Fauriat, A., "Georges, Serge, Élie et quelques autres saints connus et inédits de la province d'Arabie", in: Fr. Prévot (ed.), Romanité et cité chrétienne. Permances et mutations. Intégration et exclusion du Ier au VIe siècle. Mélanges en l'honneur d'Yvette Duval (Paris: De Boccard, 2000), 297. Halkin, F., "Inscriptions grecques relatives à l'hagiographie, I, Faux martyrs et inscriptions pseudo-hagiographiques", Analecta Bollandiana 67 (1949), 95. Devreesse, R., Le patriarcat d'Antioche depuis la paix de l'Église jusqu'à la conquête arabe (Paris: J. Gabalda et cie, 1945), 229. Supplementum Epigraphicum Graecum 50, 1518.

Licence

Exports

Evidence -  The Cult of Saints in Late Antiquity

Categories

Keywords

Licence

Exports