Saint NameEulalia, martyr of Mérida (Spain), ob. 303/305 : S00407
Saint Name in SourceEulalia
Type of EvidenceLiterary - Other narrative texts (including Histories)
Evidence not before468
Evidence not after469
Activity not before456
Activity not after469
Place of Evidence - RegionIberian Peninsula
Place of Evidence - City, village, etcMerida
Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)Merida
Cult Activities - MiraclesMiracle after death
Miraculous interventions in war
Miraculous protection - of communities, towns, armies
SourceHydatius, a bishop in Galicia (in northwest Spain), probably of Chaves, wrote his chronicle c. 468/469. It is the most important source for the history of Iberia in the 5th century. For detailed discussion and further bibliography, see: Burgess 1993; Muhlberger 1990, 193-266.
The numbers of paragraphs in brackets refer to the 1973 edition of A. Tranoy.
DiscussionHydatius twice refers to the miraculous powers of Eulalia in his Chronicle (here and in SE02046); the other references he makes to saints are those to Stephen, the First Martyr, and Martin of Tours. These facts support the high status of the cult of Eulalia in 5th c. Spain.
BibliographyEditions and translations:
Burgess ,R.W., The Chronicle of Hydatius and the Consularia Constantinopolitana: Two Contemporary Accounts of the Final Years of the Roman Empire (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1993). Edition and English translation.
Mommsen, T., Hydatii Lemici continuatio chronicorum Hieronymianorum, in: Chronica Minora saec. IV. V. VI. VII., vol. 2 (Monumenta Germaniae Historica: Auctores Antiquissimi 11; Berlin: Apud Weidmannos, 1894), 1-36.
Tranoy, A., Hydace, Chronique, 2 vols. (Sources chrétiennes 218-219; Paris: Cerf, 1973). Edition and French translation.
Muhlberger, S., The Fifth-Century Chroniclers: Prosper, Hydatius, and the Gallic Chronicler of 452 (Leeds: Francis Cairns, 1990).