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E02043: Hydatius in his Latin Chronicle records the discovery near Jerusalem in 415 of the body of *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030); written probably in Chaves (north-west Spain), c. 468-469.

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posted on 25.11.2016, 00:00 by mszata
Hydatius, Chronicle 50 [58]

Hierosolimis Iohanne quo supra episcopo presidente sanctus et primus post Christum dominum martyr Stefanus reuelatur.

'When the aforementioned bishop John was presiding in Jerusalem, St Stephen, the first martyr after Christ the Lord, was discovered.'

Text and translation: Burgess 1992: 84-85

History

Evidence ID

E02043

Saint Name

Stephen, the First Martyr : S00030

Saint Name in Source

Stefanus

Type of Evidence

Literary - Other narrative texts (including Histories)

Language

Latin

Evidence not before

468

Evidence not after

474

Activity not before

415

Activity not after

415

Place of Evidence - Region

Iberian Peninsula

Place of Evidence - City, village, etc

Chaves

Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Chaves Osset Osset Osen (castrum) Osser castrum

Cult Activities - Protagonists in Cult and Narratives

Ecclesiastics - bishops

Cult Activities - Relics

Bodily relic - unspecified Discovering, finding, invention and gathering of relics

Source

Hydatius, a bishop in Galicia (in northwest Spain), probably of Chaves, wrote his chronicle c. 468/469. It is the most important source for the history of Iberia in the 5th century. For detailed discussion and further bibliography, see: Burgess 1993; Muhlberger 1990, 193-266. The numbers of paragraphs in brackets refer to the 1973 edition of A. Tranoy.

Discussion

John was bishop of Jerusalem from 378 to 417. Hydatius mentions him earlier in his chronicle (31 [38] and 33 [40]) along with the information that he saw him personally during his travels to the Holy Land in childhood, c. 406/408. According to the account of the discovery of the grave of St Stephen, written by the priest Lucian, the grave was found in the village of Kaphargamala, in the territory of Jerusalem (E###).

Bibliography

Editions and translations: Burgess ,R.W., The Chronicle of Hydatius and the Consularia Constantinopolitana: Two Contemporary Accounts of the Final Years of the Roman Empire (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1993). Edition and English translation. Mommsen, T., Hydatii Lemici continuatio chronicorum Hieronymianorum, in: Chronica Minora saec. IV. V. VI. VII., vol. 2 (Monumenta Germaniae Historica: Auctores Antiquissimi 11; Berlin: Apud Weidmannos, 1894), 1-36. Tranoy, A., Hydace, Chronique, 2 vols. (Sources chrétiennes 218-219; Paris: Cerf, 1973). Edition and French translation. Further reading: Muhlberger, S., The Fifth-Century Chroniclers: Prosper, Hydatius, and the Gallic Chronicler of 452 (Leeds: Francis Cairns, 1990).

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