Saint NameStephen, the First Martyr : S00030
Saint Name in SourceStefanus
Type of EvidenceLiterary - Other narrative texts (including Histories)
Evidence not before468
Evidence not after474
Activity not before415
Activity not after415
Place of Evidence - RegionIberian Peninsula
Place of Evidence - City, village, etcChaves
Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)Chaves
Cult Activities - Protagonists in Cult and NarrativesEcclesiastics - bishops
Cult Activities - RelicsBodily relic - unspecified
Discovering, finding, invention and gathering of relics
SourceHydatius, a bishop in Galicia (in northwest Spain), probably of Chaves, wrote his chronicle c. 468/469. It is the most important source for the history of Iberia in the 5th century. For detailed discussion and further bibliography, see: Burgess 1993; Muhlberger 1990, 193-266.
The numbers of paragraphs in brackets refer to the 1973 edition of A. Tranoy.
DiscussionJohn was bishop of Jerusalem from 378 to 417. Hydatius mentions him earlier in his chronicle (31  and 33 ) along with the information that he saw him personally during his travels to the Holy Land in childhood, c. 406/408. According to the account of the discovery of the grave of St Stephen, written by the priest Lucian, the grave was found in the village of Kaphargamala, in the territory of Jerusalem (E###).
BibliographyEditions and translations:
Burgess ,R.W., The Chronicle of Hydatius and the Consularia Constantinopolitana: Two Contemporary Accounts of the Final Years of the Roman Empire (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1993). Edition and English translation.
Mommsen, T., Hydatii Lemici continuatio chronicorum Hieronymianorum, in: Chronica Minora saec. IV. V. VI. VII., vol. 2 (Monumenta Germaniae Historica: Auctores Antiquissimi 11; Berlin: Apud Weidmannos, 1894), 1-36.
Tranoy, A., Hydace, Chronique, 2 vols. (Sources chrétiennes 218-219; Paris: Cerf, 1973). Edition and French translation.
Muhlberger, S., The Fifth-Century Chroniclers: Prosper, Hydatius, and the Gallic Chronicler of 452 (Leeds: Francis Cairns, 1990).