[ἐν ὀνόματι Πατρὸς] κ(αὶ) Υἱοῦ κ(αὶ) Ἁγί(ου) Πν(εύματος) ἀνῆλθ(ε) μ[αρτύριον (?) τοῦ ἁγίου (?) - - -]
1. ἀνῆλθ(ε) μ[αρτύριον (?) τοῦ ἁγίου (?) Mouterde Prentice, perhaps: ἀνῆλθ(ε) μ[ηνὶ - - -, cf. IGLS 4, no. 1423.
'[In the name of Father] and Son and Holy Spirit was erected [this martyr shrine (martyrion) of Saint - - - (?)].'
Text: IGLS 5, no. 2532. Translation: W. Prentice.
Saint NameUnnamed martyrs (or name lost) : S00060
Sergios, martyr in Syria, ob. 303-311 : S00023
Kyrikos, 3rd c. child martyr in Tarsus, son of *Julitta : S00007
Type of EvidenceInscriptions - Formal inscriptions (stone, mosaic, etc.)
Evidence not before450
Evidence not after750
Activity not before450
Activity not after750
Place of Evidence - RegionSyria with Phoenicia
Syria with Phoenicia
Place of Evidence - City, village, etcḤimṣ/Emesa
Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)Ḥimṣ/Emesa
Cult activities - PlacesCult building - independent (church)
Cult activities - Non Liturgical Practices and CustomsConstruction of cult buildings
SourceStone lintel, reused in a house at the entrance to a courtyard, in the west sector of the town. Broken and lost on bottom and at both ends. Preserved dimensions: H. 0.18 m; W. 1.40 m. Decorated with a low-relief carving of a disc framed by a square with loops at its corners. Letter height 0.12 m; letters in low-relief.
Seen and copied by Enno Littman and William Prentice, and published in 1908. Republished in 1959 by René Mouterde, after the first edition. In 2002 Jean-Claude Decourt did not find the stone during his survey of the site.
DiscussionPrentice considered the inscription as a text possibly commemorating the construction of a martyr shrine. We must note that although the cult of at least two martyrs is indeed attested in Salamias (Sergios: E01680; E01946; Kyrikos: E01945), the inscription is too fragmentary to safely judge on its contents. The word μαρτύριον, as reconstructed by the editor, based just on a single letter, lacks the article τό. Also, a survey of other Syriac inscriptions shows that the term ἀνῆλθε was quite frequently used in reference to the construction of ὑπέρθυρα/'lintels' (see: IGLS 4, nos. 1663, 1785, 1843; I. Gerasa, no. 300) rather than other structures. The verb could be also directly followed by a dating formula, see: IGLS 4, no. 1423: ἐν ὀνόματι θεοῦ καὶ Χριστο[ῦ ἀν]<ῆ>λ<θ>εν μηνὶ Ἀρτεμισίου ιʹ τοῦ ϛ<λ>ʹ/'In the name of God and Christ (the lintel) was erected/raised on the 10th (day) of the month of Artemisios, the year [-]36'. Perhaps the letter Μ in our inscription likewise belonged to the designation of a month.
Jean-Claude Decourt shares our doubts that the restoration of the term martyrion in the lacuna was incorrect.
Jalabert, L., Mouterde, R., Mondésert, C., Les inscriptions grecques et latines de la Syrie, vol. 5: Émésène (BAH 66, Paris: P. Guethner, 1959), no. 2532.
Prentice, W.K. (ed.), Greek and Latin Inscriptions (Publications of an American archaeological expedition to Syria in 1899-1900 3, New York: Century 1908), 243, no. 301 (from a copy and photograph by Enno Littmann; with a drawing).
Decourt, J.-Cl., "Inscriptions grecques de Salamya/Salamias", in: P.-L. Gatier, B. Geyer, M.-O. Rousset (eds.), Entre nomades et sédentaires. Prospections en Syrie du Nord et en Jordanie du Sud (Travaux de la Maison de l'Orient et de la Méditerranée 55; Conquête de la steppe 3, Lyon: Maison de l'Orient et de la Méditerranée, 2010), 109-125.
Bulletin épigraphique (2011), 600.
Supplementum Epigraphicum Graceum 60, 1687.