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E01929: Greek building inscription for an oratory (eukterion) of *Mary (Mother of Christ, S00033). Found at Mariamme/Mariamīn near Apamea on the Orontes (central Syria) and Ḥimṣ/Emesa. Dated 493.

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posted on 17.10.2016, 00:00 by pnowakowski
εἰς δόξαν Χ(ριστο)ῦ τὸ εὐκτήρ(ιον) τῆς
τοῦ θ(εο)ῦ ἡ<μ>ῶ[ν (?)] Θεοτόκου Μα-
[ἐ]πὶ τοῦ ὁσιω[τ(άτου)] ρίας ᾠκοδομ(ήθη)
[ἐ]πισκό(που) Κύρου. ἔτ(ου)ς δωʹ, μη(νὸς) Λ(ῴου)

'For the glory of Christ, our God. Under the most pious bishop Kyros. The oratory (eukterion) of the God-Bearer (Theotokos) Mary was built in the year 804, in the month of Loos.'

Text: IGLS 5, no. 2108.


Evidence ID


Saint Name

Mary, Mother of Christ : S00033

Saint Name in Source

Θεοτόκος Μαρία

Image Caption 1

Drawing of column A. From: IGLS 5, 69.

Type of Evidence

Inscriptions - Formal inscriptions (stone, mosaic, etc.)



Evidence not before


Evidence not after


Activity not before


Activity not after


Place of Evidence - Region

Syria with Phoenicia Syria with Phoenicia Syria with Phoenicia

Place of Evidence - City, village, etc

Apamea on the Orontes Mariamme/Mariamīn Ḥimṣ/Emesa

Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Apamea on the Orontes Thabbora Thabbora Mariamme/Mariamīn Thabbora Thabbora Ḥimṣ/Emesa Thabbora Thabbora

Cult activities - Places

Cult building - independent (church)

Cult activities - Non Liturgical Practices and Customs

Construction of cult buildings

Cult Activities - Protagonists in Cult and Narratives

Ecclesiastics - bishops


Limestone lintel. Decorated with a low-relief carving of a circle or a wreath supported by two angels and containing a cross. The inscription is written in two columns, on both sides of the circle. To the right of the second column there was a carving of another circle.


Dating: the date is computed according to the Seleucid era. Its year 803 and the month of Loos correspond to AD 493. Mouterde notes that the bishop Kyros mentioned in our inscription might be Kyros of Mariamme, the homonymous subscriber of a petition of Syriac bishops sent to the patriach of Constantinople John II the Cappadocian in 518 against the miaphysite patriarch of Antioch Severos. It is possible that this Kyros was already in office in 493.


Edition: Jalabert, L., Mouterde, R., Mondésert, C., Les inscriptions grecques et latines de la Syrie, vol. 5: Émésène (BAH 66, Paris: P. Guethner, 1959), no. 2108. Dussaud, , Revue archéologique (1897/1), 315.

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