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E01800: Augustine of Hippo preaches a sermon at the feast of a martyr, probably *Catulinus (deacon and martyr of Carthage, S00411) and probably in Carthage (North Africa). Exposition on Psalm 39, written in Latin in North Africa, c. 413.

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posted on 09.08.2016, 00:00 by robert
Augustine of Hippo, Exposition on Psalm 39.16

Mortes in quas pagani saeuierunt, in illis hodie reficimur. Natalem martyrum celebramus, exempla martyrum nobis proponimus, adtendimus fidem, quomodo inuenti, quomodo adtracti, quomodo steterunt ante iudices.

'Today we are feeding on these deaths which pagans inflicted in rage. We are celebrating the annual feast of the martyrs, we are setting forth before you the examples of the martyrs, listening carefully how they were found, brought to, and put before judges.'

Text: Dekkers and Fraipont 1956. Translation: Robert Wiśniewski.

History

Evidence ID

E01800

Saint Name

Catulinus, deacon and martyr at Carthage, on. c. 303 : S00914

Type of Evidence

Literary - Sermons/Homilies

Language

Latin

Evidence not before

397

Evidence not after

417

Activity not before

397

Activity not after

417

Place of Evidence - Region

Latin North Africa

Place of Evidence - City, village, etc

Carthage

Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Carthage Carthage Carthago Karthago قرطاج‎ Qarṭāj Mçidfa Carthage

Major author/Major anonymous work

Augustine of Hippo

Cult activities - Liturgical Activity

  • Sermon/homily

Cult activities - Festivals

  • Saint’s feast

Source

The Expositions on the Psalms are based on Augustine's homilies preached either in Hippo or other places in North Africa in the period from 392 to 417. Augustine refers in this sermon to a feast of natalis civitatis (birthday of the city) which would be celebrated on the morrow. La Bonnardiere, 79-81, thinks that this refers to the city of Carthage whose feast was celebrated on 15 July, and on the basis of complicated intertextual references with other sermons tentatively dates our sermon to 413. The martyr commemorated on this day was probably *Catulinus, martyr and deacon of Carthage – his feast was celebrated on 15 July according to the Calendar of Carthage (see E02198).

Bibliography

Edition: Dekkers, E., and Fraipont, J., Enarrationes in psalmos (Corpus Christianorum, Series Latina 38; Turnhout: Brepols, 1956). Further reading: La Bonnardière, M.A., "Les Enarrationes in Psalmos prêchées par saint Augustin à l'occasion de fêtes des martyrs," Recherches Augustiniennes 7 (1971), 73-104.

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Evidence -  The Cult of Saints in Late Antiquity

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