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E01788: Greek inscription, just possibly referring to *Daniel (Old Testament prophet, S00727). Found at Mu'Allaḳ near Chalkis (north Syria). Probably late antique.

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posted on 07.08.2016, 00:00 by pnowakowski
+ Δανιήλ

'+ Daniel'

Text: IGLS 2, no. 273.
Evidence -  The Cult of Saints in Late Antiquity

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Keywords

History

Evidence ID

E01788

Saint Name

Daniel, the Old Testament prophet : S00727

Saint Name in Source

Δανιήλ

Type of Evidence

Inscriptions - Formal inscriptions (stone, mosaic, etc.)

Language

Greek

Evidence not before

400

Evidence not after

750

Activity not before

400

Activity not after

750

Place of Evidence - Region

Syria with Phoenicia Syria with Phoenicia

Place of Evidence - City, village, etc

Chalkis Mu'Allaḳ

Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Chalkis Thabbora Thabbora Mu'Allaḳ Thabbora Thabbora

Cult activities - Places

Cult building - secondary installation (fountain, pilgrims’ hostel)

Cult activities - Places Named after Saint

  • Other

Source

Fragment of a moulded stone. Found near an aqueduct and a dry stream in the western part of the ruins at Mu'Allaḳ by the Princeton Archaeological Expedition. Text field: H. 0.07 m; W. 0.28 m. Letter height 0.045 m. There is no published image. First published by William Prentice in 1908, from his own copy. Republished by René Mouterde and Louis Jalabert in 1939.

Discussion

The inscription may record the name of Daniel, the Old Testament prophet, or of a homonymous supplicant. Commenting on the ruins of the nearby aqueduct Prentice notes that a basalt block was found close to the find-spot of our inscription, with a fixture resembling a drinking fountain. Perhaps this water source was dedicated to the prophet, as water supply systems were sometimes named after martyrs and Old Testament figures (see: E01040; EXXXX).

Bibliography

Edition: Mouterde, R., Jalabert, L., Inscriptions grecques et latines de la Syrie, vol. 2: Chalcidique et Antiochène: nos 257-698 (Paris: P. Geuthner, 1939), no. 273. Prentice, W.K. (ed.), Greek and Latin inscriptions (Publications of an American archaeological expedition to Syria in 1899-1900 3, New York: Century 1908), 266, no. 335.

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Evidence -  The Cult of Saints in Late Antiquity

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Licence

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