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E01730: Greek inscription on a boundary stone of a church dedicated to *Mary (Mother of Christ, S00033). Found at ar-Raqqah (ancient Kallinikon; Osroene). Dated 590-602.

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posted on 16.07.2016, 00:00 by pnowakowski
+ ὥρος ἀσουλία-
ς ἐφιλοτιμη-
σετον τῆς ἁγ-
ίας Μαρίας
ἀκ τῶν εὐσεβε-
στ{υ}ά<τ>ον δεσπ-
ωτõν Μαυρικί(ου)
καὶ Θιαδωσί +
ου

ἐφιλοτιμη|σετον Feissel, ἐφιλοτιμη|σε τόν Jarry

'+ Boundary of the asylum site granted to (the church) of the Holy Mary by the most pious lords Maurice and Theodosi+us.'

Text: Jarry 1968, 63; lightly altered.

History

Evidence ID

E01730

Saint Name

Mary, Mother of Christ : S00033

Saint Name in Source

Μαρία

Type of Evidence

Inscriptions - Formal inscriptions (stone, mosaic, etc.)

Language

Greek

Evidence not before

590

Evidence not after

602

Activity not before

590

Activity not after

602

Place of Evidence - Region

Mesopotamia

Place of Evidence - City, village, etc

ar-Raqqah

Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

ar-Raqqah Edessa Edessa Ἔδεσσα Edessa

Cult activities - Places

Cult building - independent (church)

Cult activities - Non Liturgical Practices and Customs

Seeking asylum at church/shrine

Cult Activities - Protagonists in Cult and Narratives

Monarchs and their family

Source

A stone column shaft. There is no description of the object. First published with a photograph by Jacques Jarry in 1968. We are grateful to Denis Feissel for providing us with a new reading of lines 2-3.

Discussion

The inscription marked the boundaries of the refuge zone of a church dedicated to Mary. The spelling of the text is very poor, even for a late antique inscription. Jarry supposes that the stone-cutter must have been a completely illiterate person, as he was unable to properly spell even set formulas, like the titles and names of emperors. Dating: the date can be established by the occurrence of the names of the emperors Maurice and Theodosius. Their common reign falls in the period 590-602.

Bibliography

Edition: Jarry, J., "Inscription gravée sur un fut de colonne", Les Annales Archeologiques Arabes Syriennes 18 (1968), 63-68.

Usage metrics

Evidence -  The Cult of Saints in Late Antiquity

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