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E01715: Coptic Encomion on *Viktor (son of Romanos, Egyptian martyr, S00749), preserving a vision of the saint on a cloud, as well as the end of his martyrdom and the building of his many shrines in which healing miracles were taking place when his name was invoked; written most likely in the 6th/7th century.

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posted on 12.07.2016, 00:00 by Bryan
K 09446, p. 135/136:

This fragment preserves the story of young Viktor’s birthday party at which his mother gave him a garment that aroused the emperor Diocletian’s envy.

K 09447, p. 139/140:

The saint appears to Diocletian and his entourage on a shining cloud rebuking them and urging them to turn to God, before disappearing into heaven.

The text of these fragments shows similarities to E01851.

K 09448, p. 141/142:

This fragment preserves a short account of the saint’s trial in Alexandria, his subsequent martyrdom elsewhere in Egypt, and the building of shrines in which one would invoke his name to receive healing.

ⲁⲩⲱ ⲛⲧⲉⲩⲛⲟⲩ ⲁⲩⲉⲛⲧϥ ⲉϩⲟⲩⲛ ⲉⲣⲁⲕⲟⲧⲉ · ⲁⲩⲡⲁⲣⲁⲇⲓⲇⲟⲩ ⲙⲙⲟϥ ⲙⲡⲇⲟⲩⲝ · ⲁϥϯ ⲛⲁϥ ⲛϩⲛⲁϣⲏ ⲛⲃⲁⲥⲁⲛⲟⲥ ⲙⲡⲉϥⲑⲩⲥⲓⲁⲍⲉ : ⲙⲛⲛⲥⲱⲥ ⲁϥⲧⲛⲛⲟⲟⲩϥ ⲉⲣⲏⲥ ϩⲛ ⲕⲏⲙⲉ · ⲁϥϫⲱⲕ ⲉⲃⲟⲗ ⲙⲡⲉϥⲁⲅⲱⲛ · ⲁϥϫ ⲙⲡⲉⲕⲗⲟⲙ ⲛⲁⲧⲧⲁⲕⲟ ϩⲓⲧⲛ ⲓⲥ ⲡⲉⲭⲥ :··

‘And immediately, they brought him to Alexandria. He was handed over to the dux. He (the dux) inflicted many tortures on him; (yet) he did not sacrifice. Afterwards, he sent him south into Egypt. He completed his contest and received the imperishable crown through Jesus Christ.’

ⲛⲧⲉⲓϩⲉ ⲟⲛ [ⲛⲉⲩ]ⲕⲱⲧ ⲛⲁϥ ⲛⲟⲩⲙⲏⲏϣⲉ ⲛⲧⲟⲡⲟⲥ ϩⲛ ⲭⲱⲣⲁ ⲛⲓⲙ · ⲛⲥⲉⲉⲡⲓⲕⲁⲗⲉⲓ ⲙⲡⲉϥⲣⲁⲛ ⲉⲧⲟⲩⲁⲁⲃ ⲉϩⲣⲁⲓ ⲉϫⲱⲟⲩ : ⲁⲩⲱ ⲛⲉϥϣⲟⲟⲡ ⲛⲑⲉⲣⲁⲡⲓⲁ ⲛⲟⲩⲟⲛ ⲛⲓⲙ ⲉⲧⲛⲁⲉⲡⲓⲕⲁⲗⲉⲓ ⲙⲙⲟϥ :··

‘In this way, [they were] building him a multitude of shrines in each (area of the) country and invoking his holy name in them. And it (the holy name) became healing to anyone who would invoke him.’

Text: W. C. Till, KHML I, 51. Translation: G. Schenke.

History

Evidence ID

E01715

Saint Name

Viktor, son of Romanos, Egyptian martyr, ob. 303–311 : S00749

Type of Evidence

Literary - Sermons/Homilies Late antique original manuscripts - Parchment codex

Language

Coptic

Evidence not before

500

Evidence not after

900

Activity not before

304

Activity not after

900

Place of Evidence - Region

Egypt and Cyrenaica

Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Hermopolis ϣⲙⲟⲩⲛ Ashmunein Hermopolis

Cult activities - Places

Martyr shrine (martyrion, bet sāhedwātā, etc.)

Cult activities - Non Liturgical Practices and Customs

Prayer/supplication/invocation

Cult Activities - Miracles

Miracle after death Miracle during lifetime Assumption/otherworldly journey Healing diseases and disabilities

Source

Three leaves of a fragmentary parchment codex a housed at the papyrus collection in Vienna. Layout and script of the manuscript suggest a 9th–11th century date. K 09446, p. 135/136: K 09447, p. 139/140 K 09448, p. 141/142 The same codex seemingly also included a collection of miracles associated with his martyr shrine of which two parchment leaves survive: K 09442, p. 19/20 K 09443, p. 47/48

Bibliography

Text and German translation: Till, W.C., Koptische Heiligen- und Martyrlegenden. Vol. 1 (Rome: Pont. institutum orientalium studiorum, 1935), 48–55.

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