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E01640: Greek inscription on a boundary stone of a church dedicated to a saint *Theodore (presumably the soldier and martyr of Amaseia and Euchaita, S00480). Found at Fa‘loūl near Apamea on the Orontes. Probably late antique.

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posted on 18.06.2016, 00:00 by pnowakowski
+ ὅρο[ι]
τοῦ ἁ-
γίου
Θεοδ-
ώρου

'+ Boundaries (of the sanctuary) of Saint Theodore.'

Text: IGLS IV, no. 1570bis.

History

Evidence ID

E01640

Saint Name

Theodore, soldier and martyr of Amaseia and Euchaita : S00480

Saint Name in Source

Θεόδωρος

Type of Evidence

Inscriptions - Formal inscriptions (stone, mosaic, etc.)

Language

Greek

Evidence not before

400

Evidence not after

800

Activity not before

400

Activity not after

800

Place of Evidence - Region

Syria with Phoenicia Syria with Phoenicia

Place of Evidence - City, village, etc

Apamea on the Orontes Fa‘loūl

Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Apamea on the Orontes Thabbora Thabbora Fa‘loūl Thabbora Thabbora

Cult activities - Places

Cult building - independent (church)

Cult activities - Non Liturgical Practices and Customs

Awarding privileges to cult centres

Source

A stone. There is no published description of the object. First published by René Mouterde in 1955, based on a copy made by Jean Lauffray at the village of Fa‘loūl.

Discussion

The inscription marked the boundaries of the asylum zone or of an estate of a church or monastery, dedicated to a certain Theodore. This is almost certainly Theodore, the soldier and martyr of Euchaita in Helenopontus, northeast Asia Minor (S00480). Though this inscription does not say so explicitly, boundary stones were usually bestowed upon sanctuaries by emperors.

Bibliography

Edition: Jalabert, L., Mouterde, R., Mondésert, Cl., Inscriptions grecques et latines de la Syrie, vol. 4: Laodicée, Apamène (BAH 61, Paris: Librairie orientalise Paul Geuthner, 1955), no. 1570bis. Further reading: Peña, I., Lieux de pèlerinage en Syrie (Milan: Franciscan Printing Press, 2000), 19, 26. Trombley, F.R., Hellenic Religion and Christianization c. 370-529, vol. 2 (Leiden, New York, Cologne: Brill, 1994), 301. Reference works: Bulletin épigraphique (1956), 325.

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