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E01632: Greek building inscription for a hostel or quarters for soldiers (metaton) named after unnamed *Archangels. Found at Androna (modern al-Andarin), to the east of Apamea on the Orontes (central Syria). Dated 511/512.

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posted on 15.06.2016, 00:00 by pnowakowski
+ μετᾶτων τῶν ἁγίων
[ἀ]̣ρ̣χανγέλων· ἔτους γκ̣ω´

'+ Hostel of the holy Archangels. The year 823.'

Text: Griesheimer 2001, no. 17.

History

Evidence ID

E01632

Saint Name

Archangels (unspecified) : S00191

Saint Name in Source

[ἀ]ρχάνγελοι

Type of Evidence

Inscriptions - Formal inscriptions (stone, mosaic, etc.)

Language

Greek

Evidence not before

511

Evidence not after

512

Activity not before

511

Activity not after

512

Place of Evidence - Region

Syria with Phoenicia

Place of Evidence - City, village, etc

Androna

Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Androna Thabbora Thabbora

Cult activities - Places

Cult building - independent (church)

Cult activities - Places Named after Saint

  • Hospital and other charitable institutions

Source

A basalt lintel. H. 0.42 m; W. 1.65 m; Th. c. 0.28 m; letter height 0.09-0.12 m. Decorated with a carving of a large cross within a circle in its central section, and carvings of birds above, and the letters Ω and Α below the horizontal arms of the cross. Found c. 300 m to the west of the citadel. First published by Marc Griesheimer in 2002.

Discussion

The inscription commemorates the construction (or less probably the refurbishment) of a metaton, i.e. quarters for soldiers or a hostel for pilgrims, clergy, etc. The date, year 823, is given according to the Seleucid era, which corresponds to AD 511/512. Griesheimer notes that as the citadel in Androna was built later, in AD 558/559, our metaton was probably a civil or ecclesiastical building, and not a garrison, cf. E00807; E01834.

Bibliography

Edition: Griesheimer, M., "L'occupation byzantine sur les marges orientales du territoire d'Apamée de Syrie", [in:] B. Geyer (ed.), Conquête de la steppe et appropriation des terres sur les marges arides du Croissant fertile (Travaux de la Maison de l'Orient Méditerranéen 36, Lyon: Maison de l'Orient Méditerranéen-Jean Pouilloux, 2001), no. 17. Further reading: Mundell Mango, M., "Byzantine settlement expansion in north central Syria: the case of Androna/Andarin", in: A. Borrut, M. Debié, A. Papaconstantinou, D. Pieri, J.-P. Sodini (eds.), Le Proche-Orient de Justinien aux Abassides : peuplement et dynamiques spatiales : actes du colloque "Continuités de l'occupation entre les périodes byzantine et abbasside au Proche-Orient, VIIe-IXe siècles," Paris, 18-20 octobre 2007 (Bibliothèque de l'Antiquité tardive 19, Turnhout: Brepols, 2011), 93-122. Mundell Mango, M., "Androna and the late antique cities of Oriens" in: E. Rizos (ed.), New Cities in Late Antiquity. Documents and Archaeology (Bibliothèque de l'Antiquité Tardive 35, Turnhout: Brepols, 2017), 189-204. Reference works: Bulletin épigraphique (2003), 563. Supplementum Epigraphicum Graecum 51, 1941.

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