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E01615: Greek inscription on a boundary stone of a sanctuary dedicated to *Dionysios (probably the martyr of Kyrrhos/Cyrrhus, S00850). Found near Huru Pegamber/Nebi Houri, ancient Kyrrhos/Cyrrhus(north Syria/Cyrrhestica). 491-518.

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posted on 08.06.2016, 00:00 by pnowakowski
̣ἕω̣ς ᾧδε καταφύγιον
τοῦ ἁγίου Διονυσίου
κατὰ <θ>[ε]ῖον γράμμ[α]
τοῦ εὐσε̣βεστάτου
̣Ἀναστασίου βασιλέ-
ως ἡμῶν +

1. [ἕ]ως. PHI IGLS in comments Cumont, .ω̣ς IGLS || 3. <θ>[ε]ῖον PHI, η.ιον IGLS, [θε]ῖον Clermont-Ganneau apud Cumont, ἥ[μερ]ον or ἤ[π]ιον Cumont, ἥ[δ]ιον = ἴδιον Delehaye || γράμμ[α] PHI, γράμμ. IGLS

'Up to here is the refuge of Saint Dionysios, according to the divine rescript of our most pious emperor Anastasius. +'

Text: PHI database, PH242232.

Evidence -  The Cult of Saints in Late Antiquity

Categories

Keywords

History

Evidence ID

E01615

Saint Name

Dionysios, martyr of Kyrrhos/Cyrrhus : S00850

Saint Name in Source

Διονύσιος

Type of Evidence

Inscriptions - Formal inscriptions (stone, mosaic, etc.)

Language

Greek

Evidence not before

491

Evidence not after

518

Activity not before

491

Activity not after

518

Place of Evidence - Region

Syria with Phoenicia

Place of Evidence - City, village, etc

Kyrrhos/Cyrrhus/Hagioupolis

Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Kyrrhos/Cyrrhus/Hagioupolis Thabbora Thabbora

Cult activities - Places

Cult building - independent (church)

Cult activities - Non Liturgical Practices and Customs

Seeking asylum at church/shrine

Cult Activities - Protagonists in Cult and Narratives

Monarchs and their family

Source

A fragmentary limestone altar (bomos), broken and lost on top. Preserved dimensions: H. 1.19 m; W. of the base 0.4 m; W. of the shaft 0.75 m; letter height 0.05 m. The first two lines are on a moulding, the rest is on the shaft. Found in 1907, in a field, to the west of the ruins of Kyrrhos, by Franz Cumont. First published by Cumont in 1907.

Discussion

The inscription marked the boundaries of the safe zone/asylum of a sanctuary dedicated to Saint Dionysios. The limits of this refuge were established by a privilege of asylum, awarded by the emperor Anastasius (491-518). For a similar marker, see: E00996 with two boundary stone inscriptions from the area of Ankyra in Galatia, central Asia Minor. Franz Cumont, the first editor of the inscription, supposed that the mentioned Dionysios was Dionysius the Areopagite, a figure converted in Athens by the Apostle Paul, as reported by the Acts of the Apostles (17,34). Hippolyte Delehaye and the editors of Inscriptions grecques et latines de la Syrie, Louis Jalabert and René Mouterde, rightly note that this Dionysios had no cult in 6th c. Syria, and it is much more probable that here a local martyr, whose sanctuary is mentioned by Theodoret of Cyrrhus in his Religious History (E01616), is meant. In 2018 Wojciech Nadobnik suggested that the church of Dionysios could be identified with the northwestern church of Cyrrhus, situated next to the city wall. His argument is based on the fact that, so-far, this is the only church in the city which has an enclosure, whereas one could expect such a structure in a church bestowed with the privilege of asylum. As a parallel, he cites the church of Saint Thalelaios (E02005), likewise within an enclosure, and with boundary stones granted by Anastasius. The date is established by the reign of the emperor, referred to in line 5.

Bibliography

Edition: The Packard Humanities Institute database: PH242232. Jalabert, L., Mouterde, R., Inscriptions grecques et latines de la Syrie, vol. 1: Commagène et Cyrrhestique (BAH 12, Paris: Librairie orientaliste P. Geuthner, 1929), no. 160. Cumont, F., "Monuments syriens", Comptes rendus des séances de l'Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres 51/7 (1907), 451-455. Cumont, F., Études syriennes (Paris: Auguste Picard, 1917), 330-331, no. 38. Further reading: Anderson, J.G.C., Cumont, F., Grégoire, H., Studia Pontica, vol. 3, part 1: Recueil des inscriptions grecques et latines du Ponte et de l'Arménie (Brussels: Lamertin, 1910), comments to no. 254. Delehaye, H., “Bulletin des publications hagiographiques”, Analecta Bollandiana 27 (1908), 88-89. Nadobnik, W., "Kościół męczennika Dionizego w Cyrze (Nebi Houri, Syria) - próba identyfikacji [= The church of the martyr Dionysius in Cyrrhus (Nebi Houri, Syria), an attempt of identification]", Symbolae Philologorum Posnaniensium Graecae et Latinae 28 (2018), 57-64.

Licence

Exports

Evidence -  The Cult of Saints in Late Antiquity

Categories

Keywords

Licence

Exports