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E01333: The Syriac Acts of the Second Council of Ephesus (449) contain a story about the son of Sophronios, bishop of Tella, in which he and his Jewish friend visit the church dedicated to the *Apostles (S00084) in the city of Tella de-Mawzelat (Constantia) in Mesopotamia.

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posted on 03.05.2016, 00:00 by sminov
Acts of the Second Council of Ephesus

ܘܟܕ ܠܐ ܣܦܩ ܠܗ ܗܠܝܢ ܟܘܠܗܝܢ ܒܝ̈ܫܬܐ܆ ܚܒܝܒ ܒܪܗ ܕܒܪ ܠܗܘܣܝܟ ܐܢܫ ܝܗܘܕܝܐ ܘܐܣܩܗ ܠܐܦܝܣܩܘܦܝܘܢ. ܟܕ ܐܟ̇ܠ ܥܡܗ ܡܠܥܣܐ ܕܝܗ̈ܘܕܝܐ ܒܪܚܝܩܘܬܗ ܕܐܒܘܗܝ. ܘܒܫܒܬܐ ܕܦܢܛܩܘܣܛܐ ܐܝ̇ܕܐ ܕܚܢܢ ܨܝܡܝܢ ܚܢܢ. ܗ̣ܘ ܥܡ ܝܗܘܕܝܐ ܐܟ̇ܠ ܗܘܐ ܒܐܦܝܣܩܘܦܝܘܢ. ܘܠܐܦ̈ܝ ܥܣܪ̈ ܫ̈ܥܐ܆ ܗܢܐ ܡܣ̇ܡܟ ܗܘܐ ܠܗ ܠܝܗܘܕܝܐ ܥܕܡܐ ܕܐܥܠܗ ܠܒܝܬ ܫ̈ܠܝܚܐ ܟܕ ܩܝܡ̇ܐ ܬܫܡܫܬܐ. ܘܡܢ ܗܕܐ ܟܕ ܐܬܬܙܝܥܬ ܡܕܝܢܬܐ ܘܩܠܪ̈ܝܩܘ. ܛܪܕܬܗ ܠܗ ܠܝܗܘܕܝܐ ܘܠܚܒܝܒ. ܗ̣ܢܘܢ ܕܝܢ ܟܕ ܐܬܛܪܕܘ܆ ܥܪܩܘ ܠܦܪܛܘܪܝܢ ܕܦܠܘܪܐ ܕܘܟܤ. ܘܟܕ ܐܬܬܙܝܥ ܗ̣ܘ ܪܫܝܥܐ ܘܚܢܦܐ ܦܠܘܪܐ܆ ܐܙܕܝܢ ܠܘܩܒܠ ܡܕܝܢܬܐ. ܘܩ̈ܛܠܐ ܣܓ̈ܝܐܐ ܒܡܕܝܢܬܐ ܥܒܕܘ. ܕܓܒܪ̈ܐ ܘܕܛ̈ܠܝܐ. ܘܝܬܝܪ ܡܢ ܡܐܐ ܣܪܚ<ܘ>. ܘܗ̇ܢܘܢ ܡ̇ܢ ܕܒܠܝܥܝܢ ܗܘܘ܆ ܥܪܩܝܢ ܗܘܘ ܠܡܕܒܚܐ ܩܕܝܫܐ. ܘܬܡܢ ܘܠܐ ܫܡܝܛܝܢ ܓܐܪ̈ܐ ܡܢ ܦܓܪ̈ܝܗܘܢ܆ ܡܬܐܫܕ ܗܘܐ ܕܡܗܘܢ ܩܕܡ ܡܕܒܚܐ. ܘܗܟܢܐ ܣܘܓܐܗܘܢ ܟܕ ܠܒܝܟܝܢ ܡܕܒܚܐ ܡܝܬ̈ܝܢ ܗܘܘ.

'Not satisfied with giving himself over to these wicked practices, his son Ḥabbīb introduced a Jew, Hesychius, and bid him step up to the bishop’s house and ate with him Jewish food in his father’s absence; and in the week of Pentecost, when we ourselves fast, he was feasting with the Jew, at the bishop’s house; and for about ten hours, this man continued feasting with the Jew, up to the time when he took him [i.e. the Jew] into the Church of the Apostles, whilst the Service was being held. The city and the clergy, shocked by this conduct, expelled both the Jew and Ḥabbīb, who sought refuge in the praetorium of the commandant Florus. The impious and pagan Florus, becoming irritated, rushed upon the city, where (his people) murdered a great number of men and boys and wounded more than a hundred, whilst those who, in despair, had fled to the holy altar, there, and with the arrows remaining unextracted from their bodies, had their blood shed before the altar, and many of them died clasping the altar.'

Ed. Flemming 1917, p. 82; trans. Honigmann 1944, p. 283, lightly modified.

History

Evidence ID

E01333

Saint Name

Apostles (unspecified) : S00084

Saint Name in Source

ܫ̈ܠܝܚܐ

Language

Syriac

Evidence not before

449

Evidence not after

500

Activity not before

400

Activity not after

449

Cult activities - Places

Cult building - independent (church)

Source

Convened in 449 by the emperor Theodosius II, the Second Council of Ephesus dealt mostly with Christological matters. Orchestrated and directed by the representatives of the Miaphysite party, it resulted in the condemnation and deposition of bishops from the Diophysite party such as as Hiba of Edessa, Domnus of Antioch and Theodoret of Cyrrhus. Written originally in Greek, the proceedings of this council are preserved only in Syriac translation. Syriac text: Flemming 1917; English translation: Perry 1881; Doran 2006, 133-188 (sections relating to Hiba); French translation: Martin 1874; German translation: Flemming 1917. For general information, see Millar 2009.

Discussion

During the second session of the council a number of charges were brought against Sophronius, bishop of Tella de-Mawzelat, mostly accusations of practicing magic (see on this Honigmann 1944). One of these charges was concerned with the misbehaviour of the bishop's son Ḥabbīb, who brought his Jewish friend Hesychius to a church during one of the services performed during the week of Pentecost. Dedicated to unspecified apostles or perhaps to all the apostles (like the famous shrine in Constantinople), this shrine (Syr. bēt šliḥē) was, perhaps, the city's cathedral church.

Bibliography

Main editions and translations: Flemming, J.P.G., Akten der Ephesinischen Synode vom Jahre 449: Syrisch (Abhandlungen der Königlichen Gesellschaft der Wissenschaften zu Göttingen, Philologisch-Historische Klasse, N.F. 15.1; Berlin: Weidmann, 1917). Doran, R., Stewards of the Poor: The Man of God, Rabbula, and Hiba in Fifth-Century Edessa (Cistercian Studies Series 208; Kalamazoo, Michigan: Cistercian Publications, 2006). Martin, J.-P.P., Actes du Brigandage d’Éphèse: traduction faite sur le texte syriaque contenu dans le manuscrit 14530 du Musée britannique (Amien: Emile Glorieux, 1874). Perry, S.G.F., The Second Synod of Ephesus, together with Certain Extracts Relating to it, from Syriac Mss. Preserved in the British Museum (Dartford: Orient Press, 1881). Further reading: Honigmann, E., “A Trial for Sorcery on August 22, A.D. 449,” Isis 35:4 (1944), 281-284. Millar, F., “The Syriac Acts of the Second Council of Ephesus (449),” in: R.M. Price and M. Whitby (eds.), Chalcedon in Context: Church Councils 400–700 (Translated Texts for Historians, Contexts 1; Liverpool: Liverpool University Press, 2009), 45-69.

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