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E01291: Greek inscription on a boundary stone of a church dedicated to *Christophoros (probably the martyr of Pamphylia, S00616), and *George (soldier and martyr, S00259). Found in the city of Rhodes (island of Rhodes; Aegean Islands). Probably 7th-8th c.

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posted on 19.04.2016, 00:00 by pnowakowski
On four faces of the abacus of a capital:

[+] ὅροι διαφέρον[τες] | τοῖς ΚΛΙ | [- - - μά]ρτυρες Χριστοφό|ρῷ καὶ Γεωργίω +

2. - - -] ̣τοῖς κλι [- - -] Orlandos || 3. [μά]̣ρ̣τυρες Orlandos || 2-3. possibly: τοῖς καλ|[λινίκοις] or [ἁγ]ίοις καὶ | [ἐνδόξοις]

'[+] Boundaries belonging to [- - - ] martyrs Christophoros and George. +'

Text: SEG 55, 908.
Evidence -  The Cult of Saints in Late Antiquity

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Keywords

History

Evidence ID

E01291

Saint Name

Christophoros, martyr in Samos (Lykia) or Antioch (Syria) under Decius (249-251) : S00616 George, martyr in Nicomedia or Diospolis, ob. c. 303 : S00259

Saint Name in Source

Χριστοφόρος Γεωργίος

Type of Evidence

Inscriptions - Formal inscriptions (stone, mosaic, etc.) Inscriptions - Inscribed architectural elements

Language

Greek

Evidence not before

600

Evidence not after

800

Activity not before

600

Activity not after

800

Place of Evidence - Region

Aegean islands and Cyprus Aegean islands and Cyprus

Place of Evidence - City, village, etc

Rhodes (island) Rhodes (city)

Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Rhodes (island) Salamis Σαλαμίς Salamis Salamis Farmagusta Far Κωνσταντία Konstantia Constantia Rhodes (city) Salamis Σαλαμίς Salamis Salamis Farmagusta Far Κωνσταντία Konstantia Constantia

Cult activities - Places

Cult building - independent (church)

Cult activities - Non Liturgical Practices and Customs

Awarding privileges to cult centres

Source

The inscription is carved on four faces of the abacus of a small Corinthian capital (H. of the capital 0.255 m; H. of the abacus 0.04 m; W. of the abacus 0.25 m; L. of the abacus 0.26 m; letter height 0.015 m). When recorded, the capital was housed in the library of the Historical and Archaeological Institute of Rhodes. First described by Anastasios Orlandos in 1948. In 2002 the inscription was re-edited, together with a good photograph, by Eleni Papavasileiou, in the catalogue of an exhibition in the White Tower in Thessaloniki.

Discussion

In her edition Papavasileiou placed the object in the chapter 'Farming' and considered Christophoros and Georgios, mentioned in the inscription, farmers who set up boundary markers on their fields to prevent trespassing. We, however, think that the inscription marked the boundaries of an estate belonging to a church or a monastery dedicated to the martyrs Christophoros and Georgios, probably the two famous saints: Christophoros, martyr in Lycia or Syria (S00616), and George, martyr in Nikomedia or Diospolis (S00259), both frequently referred to in the hagiographic tradition. The original findspot of the capital is unknown, but it is almost certain that the column, bearing it, stood outside the city, at the boundary it marked, and was brought to the library by an antiquarian. Though this inscription does not say so explicitly, boundary stones were usually bestowed upon sanctuaries by emperors. Based on the style of the capital, Orlandos dated the inscription to the 7th-8th c.

Bibliography

Edition: Papavasileiou, E. (ed.) in: Papanikola-Bakirtzi, D. (ed.), Everyday Life in Byzantium (Athens: Hellenic Ministry of Culture, 2002), 123, no. 116. Orlandos, A.K., "Παλαιοχριστιανικά λείψανα τῆς Ῥόδου", Ἀρχεῖον τῶν βυζαντινῶν μνημείων τῆς Ἑλλάδος 6 (1948), 10-12. Further reading: Dimitrokallis, G., Συμβολαὶ εἰς τὴν μελέτην τῶν βυζαντινῶν μνημείων Νάξου, vol. 1 (Athens: 1972), 75, note 83 (mentioned). Kiourtzian, G., "Pietas insulariorum", [in:] Eupsychia: mélanges offerts à Hélène Ahrweiler, vol. 2 (Série Byzantina Sorbonensia 16, Paris: Publications de la Sorbonne, 1998), 377. Reference works: Supplementum Epigraphicum Graecum 55, 908.

Licence

Exports

Evidence -  The Cult of Saints in Late Antiquity

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Keywords

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Exports