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E01274: The Liber Pontificalis, written in Latin in Rome in the 530s, and re-edited before 546, in its account of *Siricius (bishop of Rome, ob. 399, S00527), states that he was buried in the cemetery of Priscilla on the via Salaria outside Rome, on 22 February [AD 399].

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posted on 15.04.2016, 00:00 by robert
Liber Pontificalis 40

First edition (as reconstructed by Duchesne)

Siricius, natione Romanus, ex patre Tiburtio, sedit ann. XV... Qui et sepultus est in cymiterio Priscille via Salaria VIII kal. Mart.

'Siricius, born in Rome, son of Tiburtius, held the see 15 years. He was buried in the cemetery of Priscilla on the via Salaria on 22 February.'


Second edition

Siricius, natione Romanus, ex patre Tiburtio, sedit ann. XV... Qui et sepultus est in cymiterio Priscillae via Salaria VIII kal. mart.

'Siricius, born in Rome, son of Tiburtius, held the see 15 years. He was buried in the cemetery of Priscilla on the via Salaria on 22 February.'


Text: Duchesne 1886, 87 and 216. Translation: Davis 2010, 29-30.

History

Evidence ID

E01274

Saint Name

Siricius, bishop of Rome, ob. 399 : S00527

Saint Name in Source

Siricius

Type of Evidence

Literary - Other narrative texts (including Histories)

Language

Latin

Evidence not before

530

Evidence not after

546

Activity not before

399

Activity not after

399

Place of Evidence - Region

Rome and region

Place of Evidence - City, village, etc

Rome

Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Rome Rome Rome Roma Ῥώμη Rhōmē

Major author/Major anonymous work

Liber Pontificalis

Cult activities - Festivals

  • Saint’s feast

Cult activities - Places

Burial site of a saint - cemetery/catacomb

Cult Activities - Relics

Bodily relic - entire body

Source

The Liber Pontificalis consists of a series of very short lives of popes. The preface attributes it to pope Damasus (366-384), but this attribution is obviously false. According to Louis Duchesne, the first modern editor of the Liber Pontificalis, the original series of lives was written in Rome by an anonymous author, probably a member of the lesser clergy, in the 530s, and contained the lives from *Peter the Apostle to Felix IV (ob. 530). Shortly after, before 546, the text was re-edited by another anonymous author and only this edition survives. The first edition, however, can be reconstituted on the basis of its two epitomes (and the second edition). The second edition started to be continued systematically from the time of pope Honorius (625–638). It should be noted that Theodor Mommsen dated both editions of the Liber Pontificalis to the 7th century, but his opinion is widely rejected and the commonly accepted dating is that of Duchesne. For the pre-Constantinian period (before 312), the credibility of the Liber Pontificalis is very low. The chronology is confused, and details concerning the personal lives, decisions and ordinations of the bishops of Rome at best reflect what people in the 6th century trusted to be true, at worst are a pure invention of the author. The situation changes with the later lives. Already the information of 4th-century papal foundations and offerings are generally trustworthy. The early 6th-century evidence, based on the author's first hand knowledge is even better, though still imperfect.

Bibliography

Edition: Duchesne, L., Le Liber pontificalis. 2 vols (Paris: E. Thorin, 1886-1892) (with substantial introduction and commentary). Translation: Davis, R., The Book of Pontiffs (Liber Pontificalis) (Translated Texts for Historians 6; 3rd ed.; Liverpool: Liverpool University Press, 2010).

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