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E01249: Coptic joint funerary inscription on marble most likely from the necropolis of the monastery of Apa Jeremias at Saqqara (Lower Egypt) with an invocation to the typical group of saints celebrated at Saqqara: Apa *Jeremias, Apa *Enoch, and Ama *Sibylla (S00773), the Archangels *Michael (S00181) and *Gabriel (S00192),*Mary (Mother of Christ, S00033), *Adam and *Zoe/Eve (S00772), Apa *Apollo (founder of the monastery at Bawit, 4th century, S00160), Apa *Phib, and Apa *Anoup (S00774), and other holy men, possibly of the 8th/9th century.

online resource
posted on 07.04.2016, 00:00 by gschenke
KSB 1 790

+ ⲡⲓⲱⲧ ⲡϣⲏⲣⲉ ⲡⲉ-
ⲡⲛⲁ ⲉⲧⲟⲩⲁⲁⲃ ⲁⲡⲁ
ⲓⲉⲣⲏⲙⲓⲁⲥ ⲁⲡⲁ ⲉⲛ-
ⲱⲭ ⲟ ⲁⲅⲓⲟⲥ ⲙⲓⲭⲁⲏ-
ⲗ ⲟ ⲁⲅⲓⲟⲥ ⲅⲁⲃⲣⲓⲏⲗ
ⲑⲁⲅⲓⲁ ⲙⲁⲣⲓⲁ ⲁⲙⲁ
ⲥⲓⲃⲩⲗⲗⲁ ⲡⲉⲛⲓⲱ-
ⲧ ⲁⲇⲁⲙ ⲇⲉⲙⲙⲁⲩ
ⲍⲱⲏ ⲁⲡⲁ ⲁⲡⲱ-
ⲗⲱ ⲁⲡⲁ ⲫⲓⲃ ⲁⲡ-
ⲁ ⲁⲛⲟⲩⲡ ⲁⲡⲁ ⲙ-
ⲁⲕⲁⲣⲉ ⲁⲡⲁ ⲡⲁⲩ-
ⲗⲉ ⲡⲣⲉⲙⲇⲁⲙⲙⲁ-
ϩ ⲁⲡⲁ ⲡϣⲟⲓ ⲛⲓⲉ-
ⲣⲏⲙⲓⲁⲥ ⲁⲡⲁ ⲥⲟⲩ-
ⲣⲟⲩⲥ ⲁⲡⲁ ⲙⲱⲓⲥⲏ-
ⲥ ⲙⲛ ⲛⲉϥⲥⲛⲏⲩ ⲛ-
ⲉⲧⲟⲩⲁⲁⲃ ⲧⲏⲣⲟⲩ ⲁⲣ-
 ⲟⲩⲛⲁ ⲙⲉⲛ ⲧⲉⲯⲩⲭⲏ
ⲙⲡⲁⲡⲁ ⲓⲉⲣⲏⲙⲓⲁⲥ
ⲛⲧⲁϥⲙⲧⲟⲛ ⲙⲙⲟϥ ⲛⲥⲟⲩ
ⲙⲉⲛⲥⲟⲟⲩ ⲛⲧⲱⲃⲉ ⲡⲁⲥ-
ⲟⲛ ⲁⲛⲧⲣⲉⲁⲥ ⲡⲉϥⲥⲟⲛ ⲥϥ

'Father, Son, (and) Holy Spirit. Apa Jeremias, Apa Enoch, saint Michael, saint Gabriel, saint Mary, Ama Sibylla, our father Adam, our mother Zoe, Apa Apollo, Apa Phib, Apa Anoup, Apa Makare, Apa Paule, the man of Tamma, Apa Pshoi of Jeremias, Apa Sourous, Apa Moses and all his holy brethren! Have mercy on the soul of Papa Jeremias who has gone to rest on day 16 of the month Tybi. Brother Andrew, his brother ….'

Translation: G. Schenke.

History

Evidence ID

E01249

Saint Name

Adam and Zoe/Eve : S00772 Apollo, Phib, and Anoup : S00774 Jeremias, Enoch, and Sibylla : S00773 Michael, the Archangel : S00181 Gabriel, the Archangel : S00192 Mary, Mother of Christ : S00033 Apa Apollo (founder of the monastery at Bawit, 4th

Saint Name in Source

ⲡⲉⲛⲓⲱⲧ ⲁⲇⲁⲙ, ⲇⲉⲙⲙⲁⲩ ⲍⲱⲏ (ⲧⲉⲛⲙⲁⲁⲩ ⲍⲱⲏ) ⲁⲡⲁ ⲁⲡⲱⲗⲱ, ⲁⲡⲁ ⲫⲓⲃ, ⲁⲡⲁ ⲁⲛⲟⲩⲡ ⲁⲡⲁ ⲓⲉⲣⲏⲙⲓⲁⲥ, ⲁⲡⲁ ⲉⲛⲱⲭ, ⲁⲙⲁ ⲥⲓⲃⲩⲗⲗⲁ ⲟ ⲁⲅⲓⲟⲥ ⲙⲓⲭⲁⲏⲗ ⲟ ⲁⲅⲓⲟⲥ ⲅⲁⲃⲣⲓⲏⲗ ⲑⲁⲅⲓⲁ ⲙⲁⲣⲓⲁ ⲁⲡⲁ ⲁⲡⲱⲗⲱ ⲁⲡⲁ ⲥⲟⲩⲣⲟⲩⲥ

Type of Evidence

Inscriptions - Funerary inscriptions

Language

Coptic

Evidence not before

700

Evidence not after

899

Activity not before

700

Activity not after

899

Place of Evidence - Region

Egypt and Cyrenaica

Place of Evidence - City, village, etc

Saqqara

Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Saqqara Hermopolis ϣⲙⲟⲩⲛ Ashmunein Hermopolis

Cult activities - Non Liturgical Practices and Customs

Prayer/supplication/invocation

Source

The limestone stele belongs to the Museum Boulaq in Cairo.

Discussion

Apa Jeremias, Apa Enoch, and Ama Sibylla are frequently referred to as the Saqqara triad of saints. For the typical features and similarities in the invocation with other burial inscriptions from Saqqara see E01247. For similarities in the invocation to burial inscription from Bawit see E01250–E01251 and E01302. The invocation in lines 1–18 takes far more room than the details concerning the deceased, lines 19–23.

Bibliography

Hasitzka, M.R.M., Koptisches Sammelbuch I (KSB I) (Vienna, 1993), 265–266.

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Evidence -  The Cult of Saints in Late Antiquity

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