Saint NameSergios, martyr in Syria, ob. 303-311 : S00023
Shmona and Gurya, martyrs in Edessa, ob. 309/10 : S00081
Habbib, martyr in Edessa, ob. 310/12 : S00090
Saint Name in Sourceܣܪܓܝܤ
Type of EvidenceLiterary - Other narrative texts (including Histories)
Evidence not before506
Evidence not after600
Activity not before503
Activity not after503
Place of Evidence - RegionMesopotamia
Place of Evidence - City, village, etcEdessa
Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)Edessa
Cult activities - PlacesCult building - independent (church)
Cult activities - Rejection, Condemnation, ScepticismDestruction/desecration of saint's shrine
Cult Activities - Protagonists in Cult and NarrativesForeigners (including Barbarians)
SourceThe Chronicle of Pseudo-Joshua the Stylite is a historiographical work that deals for the most part with the events in the city of Edessa and the neighbouring region during the period 494-506. It is an original Syriac composition, most likely produced not long after the year 506 by a Syriac-speaking citizen of Edessa. In its present form, it is preserved as a part of a larger historiographic work, the Chronicle of Zuqnin (known also as the Chronicle of Pseudo-Dionysius of Tel-Mahre), an 8th c. West-Syrian composition.
Syriac text: Martin 1876, 1-82; Wright 1882, 1-92; Chabot 1927-1933, v. 1, 235-317; English translation: Wright 1882, 1-84; Trombley and Watt 2000; French translation: Martin 1876, ix-lxxxvi; German translation: Luther 1997. For general information, see Trombley and Watt 2000, xi-lv; Luther 1997, 1-32; Watt 1999.
DiscussionThe Chronicle reports that in the autumn of the year 503, after unsuccessfully besieging Edessa, the troops of the Persian king Kavadh I (r. 488-531) burned down two martyria-churches that were located in the vicinity of the city, ithat of *Sergios (martyr in Syria, ob. 303-311) and that of the 'Confessors' (*Shmona and Gurya, *Habbib, martyrs in Edessa, ob. 309-312). The church of Sergios, built during the episcopate of Hiba (435-457) (see E01231), was located outside the eastern gate of the city (for its possible location, see Segal 1970, Plan I). The church of the 'Confessors' was built by bishop Abraham in 345/6 (see E00072). The events described took place during the so-called Anastasian War, the military conflict between the Roman and Sasanian empires during the years 502-506 (for more information on it, see Greatrex 1998, 73-138). The chronicler may have been an eyewitness of the events described: there is no reason to doubt this information.
BibliographyMain editions and translations:
Chabot, J.B., Incerti auctoris Chronicon Pseudo-Dionysianum vulgo dictum. 2 vols (CSCO 91, 104, Syr. III.1-2 [43, 53]; Paris: Typographeo Reipublicae, 1927, 1933).
Trombley, F.R., and Watt, J.W., The Chronicle of Pseudo-Joshua the Stylite (Translated Texts for Historians 32; Liverpool: Liverpool University Press, 2000).
Others editions and translations:
Luther, A., Die syrische Chronik des Josua Stylites (Untersuchungen zur antiken Literatur und Geschichte 49; Berlin / New York: Walter de Gruyter, 1997).
Martin, J.-P.P., Chronique de Josué le Stylite écrite vers l’an 515 (Abhandlungen für die Kunde des Morgenlandes 6.1; Leipzig: F.A. Brockhaus, 1876).
Wright, W., The Chronicle of Joshua the Stylite Composed in Syriac A.D. 507 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1882).
Greatrex, G., Rome and Persia at War, 502–532 (Leeds: Francis Cairns, 1998).
Segal, J.B., Edessa, ‘The Blessed City’ (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1970).
Watt, J.W., “Greek Historiography and the “Chronicle of Joshua the Stylite”,” in: G.J. Reinink and A.C. Klugkist (eds.), After Bardaisan: Studies on Continuity and Change in Syriac Christianity in Honour of Professor Han J.W. Drijvers (Orientalia Lovaniensia Analecta 89; Louvain: Peeters, 1999), 317-327.