Saint NameJohn the Evangelist : S00042
Saints, name wholly or largely lost : S01744
Type of EvidenceInscriptions - Formal inscriptions (stone, mosaic, etc.)
Inscriptions - Inscribed architectural elements
Evidence not before500
Evidence not after1300
Activity not before500
Activity not after1300
Place of Evidence - RegionAegean islands and Cyprus
Place of Evidence - City, village, etcPatmos
Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)Patmos
Cult Activities - Protagonists in Cult and NarrativesOther lay individuals/ people
SourceFragment of a marble plaque. H. 0.18 m; W. 0.3 m; Th. 0.09 m; letter height 0.025 m. Seen and copied in the autumn of 1962 by Giacomo Manganaro in the Monastery of John the Theologian on Patmos.
DiscussionThe inscription is the invocation of the God of a saint whose name is lost. This was most probably *John the Evangelist (also venerated as the Theologian). John was said to have been exiled on Patmos during the persecutions of the emperor Domitian and it was believed that he authored the Book of Revelation on the island. He is also frequently mentioned in other (mostly middle Byzantine) inscriptions from the island, see: Manganaro 1963-1964, p. 346. In 1088 the emperor Alexios I Komnenos founded a monastery there, dedicated to John as the Theologian. The date of our inscription is disputable, but as the plaque was cut to be reused in a new structure, we can at least suppose that it predates the construction of the monastery.
Manganaro, G., "Le iscrizioni delle Isole Milesie", Annuario della Scuola archeologica di Atene e delle missioni italiane in Oriente, 41-42 (1963-1964), no. 49.
Kiourtzian, G., "Pietas insulariorum", [in:] Eupsychia: mélanges offerts à Hélène Ahrweiler, vol. 2 (Série Byzantina Sorbonensia 16, Paris: Publications de la Sorbonne, 1998), 377.
Bulletin épigraphique (1966), 323.