Saint NameTheodore Tiro, martyr of Amaseia (Helenopontus, north-eastern Asia Minor), ob. 306 : S00480
Saint Name in SourceΘεοδόρος
Type of EvidenceInscriptions - Formal inscriptions (stone, mosaic, etc.)
Evidence not before400
Evidence not after800
Activity not before400
Activity not after800
Place of Evidence - RegionAsia Minor
Place of Evidence - City, village, etcArabissos
Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)Arabissos
Cult activities - PlacesCult building - independent (church)
Cult activities - Non Liturgical Practices and CustomsPrayer/supplication/invocation
SourceFragment of a stone. Preserved dimensions: H. 0.5 m; W. 0.7 m. Seen and copied by Guillaume de Jerphanion in the summer of 1907, in a field to the east of the village Yarpouz near ancient Arabissos, among large broken stone blocks.
DiscussionThe inscription labels an οἶκος (literally: a house) of a certain Theodore. As the term is usually used to denote churches, we can suppose that a church dedicated St. Theodore is mentioned here. On this basis Jerphanion and Jalabert reconstructed the epithet μεγαλομάρτυς/the great martyr in line one, but the simpler version, μάρτυς/martyr, may be a better completion, as it better fits the length of the lacuna.
Lines 2-4 contain a quotation of the eighth verse of Psalm 120: κύριος φυλάξει τὴν εἴσοδόν σου καὶ τὴν ἔξοδόν σου ἀπὸ τοῦ νῦν καὶ ἕως τοῦ αἰῶνος / 'May the Lord keep thy going in and thy going out; from henceforth now and for ever', which was frequently used in Greek Christian inscription as a charm for the protection of buildings.
de Jerphanion, G., Jalabert, L., "Inscriptions d' Asie Mineure (Pont, Cappadoce, Cilicie)", Mélanges de l'Université Saint-Joseph 3 (1908), no. 25.
Destephen, S., "Martyrs locaux et cultes civiques en Asie Mineure", in: J.C. Caillet, S. Destephen, B. Dumézil, H. Inglebert, Des dieux civiques aux saints patrons (IVe-VIIe siècle) (Paris: éditions A. & J. Picard, 2015), 94.