Saint NameArchangels (unspecified) : S00191
Saint Name in Sourceἀρχάνγελος
Type of EvidenceInscriptions - Formal inscriptions (stone, mosaic, etc.)
Evidence not before400
Evidence not after600
Activity not before400
Activity not after600
Place of Evidence - RegionAsia Minor
Place of Evidence - City, village, etcIkonion
Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)Ikonion
Cult activities - PlacesCult building - independent (church)
Cult activities - Non Liturgical Practices and CustomsPrayer/supplication/invocation
Cult Activities - Protagonists in Cult and NarrativesPeasants
SourceLintel of a church door. Decorated with a carving of a cross pattée in a circle and of an arcade to the right and to the left of the cross. The inscription is carved in two lines, with each letter under an arch (except for the name of the village, which is written in denser script, to fit it on the stone). There is no published detailed description. Found at Sadettinhanı (to the north-east of Ikonion). First mentioned by William Ramsay in 1931; a record of the object is also included in the William Calder Archives (MS 3286), housed in the Special Collections of the University of Aberdeen.
DiscussionThe inscription contains a request for help for a village, addressed to an archangel. Perhaps the villagers worked on the construction of the church, in which the inscription was originally displayed, or contributed to raising funds for the construction (as in the case of E01080: ἐπληρώθη τὸ ἔργον τῆς Θεοτόκου ἐπὶ Στεφάνου ἐργολάβου ὑπουργήσι τῆς κώμης Σιφῶν / 'The building of the God-Bearer was completed under contractor Stephanos with the assistance of the village of Siphoi').
For a similar request for help for a village, see E00844: ὁ θεὸς τõν ἀρχαγέλον σύνπ[ρ]αξον τοὺς τῆ[ς] κούμης μου πᾶσην / 'O God of the Archangels, help all the inhabitants of my village!' (trans. Al. Cameron), and for a request for help probably for workers building a church, see E00915: κύριος φυλάξι τοὺς ἐργαζομένους ἐν τῷ οἴκῳ τοῦ ἀρχανγέλου Μιχαήλ/'May the Lord keep those who work (or: minister) at the house of Michael the Archangel!'
Ramsay, W., "Phrygian orthodox and heretics 400-800 AD", Byzantion 6 (1931), 21.
Inscriptiones Christianae Graecae database, no. 489: http://www.epigraph.topoi.org/ica/icamainapp/inscription/show/489