Saint NameKonōn, gardener martyr in Magydos of Pamphylia : S00177
Konōn, martyr in Iconium of Lycaonia (central Asia Minor) : S00429
Konōn, martyr in Isauria (south-eastern Asia Minor) : S00430
Saint Name in SourceΚόνων
Type of EvidenceInscriptions - Funerary inscriptions
Evidence not before400
Evidence not after600
Activity not before400
Activity not after600
Place of Evidence - RegionAsia Minor
Place of Evidence - City, village, etcTavium
Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)Tavium
Cult Activities - Protagonists in Cult and NarrativesWomen
Other lay individuals/ people
SourceA pale limestone slab. H. 0.62; W. 0.38 m. Seen in July of 1977 by David French at the village of Gündoğdu near Tavium, at House 43.
DiscussionThe fragment comes almost certainly from an epitaph, composed for a woman. Line 2 contains the word holy (ἅγιος), followed by the letters ΚΟ, which allows for the reconstruction of the name Konon. There are three Anatolian saints, who bore the name Konon, and we don't know which one is referred to. *Konon, martyr of Isauria (south-eastern Asia Minor) was said to have lived in the times of the Apostles (1st/2nd c.). He enjoyed the special protection of *Michael the Archangel and led a life of holiness. He was credited with working many miracles. *Konon of Magydos (Pamphylia, southern Asia Minor) was a gardener and martyr under the emperor Decius. It is claimed that he came from Nazareth and was a relative of Christ (if this declaration is to be taken literally, and not as a metaphor for the Christian religion, creating a bond between the followers and the Saviour). *Konon, martyr of Iconium (Lycaonia, central Asia Minor) died under the emperor Aurelian (270-275).
Stephen Mitchell suggests that the saint was probably invoked here to protect the grave from desecration, and hypothetically completes the lost line, based on other Christian imprecations, as ἅγιος Κό|[νων ὧδ' ἐστιν (?)] / 'Saint Ko[non is here]' (as a guardian of this place). Of course this is not the only possibility. Ulrich Huttner supposes that the lost line could contain an invocation with the formula: βοήθει / help!
Dating: probably 5th-6th c. (based on the lettering and contents).
I. North Galatia, no. 486.
Inscriptiones Christianae Graecae database, no. 2496: http://www.epigraph.topoi.org/ica/icamainapp/inscription/show/2496
Destephen, S., "Martyrs locaux et cultes civiques en Asie Mineure", in: J.C. Caillet, S. Destephen, B. Dumézil, H. Inglebert, Des dieux civiques aux saints patrons (IVe-VIIe siècle) (Paris: éditions A. & J. Picard, 2015), 102.