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E01111: Augustine of Hippo, in his City of God (22.8), tells how relics of *Stephen (the First Martyr, S00030) were deposited in Castellum Sinitense, close to Hippo Regius (North Africa); the local bishop was healed when he carried them in procession; all in the early 420s. Written in Latin in Hippo, c. 426/427.

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posted on 12.02.2016, 00:00 by robert
Augustine of Hippo, City of God 22.8

Memorati memoriam martyris [sc. Stephani], quae posita est in Castello Sinitensi, quod Hipponiensi Coloniae uicinum est, eiusdem loci Lucillus episcopus populo praecedente atque sequente portabat. Fistula, cuius molestia iam diu laborauerat et familiarissimi sui medici, qui eum secaret, opperiebatur manus, illius piae sarcinae uectatione repente sanata est; nam deinceps eam in suo corpore non inuenit.

'Relics of the same saint [sc. Stephen], which are deposited in the Castle of Sinitis [Castellum Sinitense], in the neighborhood of the city of Hippo [Colonia Hipponiensis], were carried by Lucillus, the bishop of this place, and many people were both preceding and following him. A fistula under which he had long labored, and which his private physician was watching an opportunity to cut, was suddenly cured by the mere carrying of that sacred burden, for afterwards there was no trace of it in his body.'

Text: Dombart and Kalb 1955. Translation: Dods 1887 (slightly changed).

History

Evidence ID

E01111

Saint Name

Stephen, the First Martyr : S00030

Saint Name in Source

Stephanus

Type of Evidence

Literary - Other

Language

Latin

Evidence not before

426

Evidence not after

427

Activity not before

418

Activity not after

427

Place of Evidence - Region

Latin North Africa Latin North Africa

Place of Evidence - City, village, etc

Castellum Sinitense Hippo Regius

Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Castellum Sinitense Carthage Carthago Karthago قرطاج‎ Qarṭāj Mçidfa Carthage Hippo Regius Carthage Carthago Karthago قرطاج‎ Qarṭāj Mçidfa Carthage

Major author/Major anonymous work

Augustine of Hippo

Cult Activities - Miracles

Healing diseases and disabilities Miracle at martyrdom and death Miracle after death

Cult Activities - Protagonists in Cult and Narratives

Ecclesiastics - bishops Crowds

Cult Activities - Relics

Unspecified relic Transfer, translation and deposition of relics Transfer/presence of relics from distant countries

Source

Augustine wrote Book 22 of the City of God in Hippo, c. 426/427. Chapters 8-9 enumerate a number of contemporary miracles, most of which took place in Hippo and other cities of North Africa, either at the relics of Stephen, the first martyr or those of *Gervasius and Protasius, martyrs in Milan.

Discussion

Around 420 these relics, most probably brought to Africa by Orosius, found their way also to several cities in North Africa, such as Hippo Regius, Calama, and Uzalis.

Bibliography

Edition: Dombart, B., and Kalb, A., Augustinus, De civitate dei, 2 vols. (Corpus Christianorum Series Latina 47-48; Turnhout: Brepols, 1955). English translation: Dods, M., Augustine, The City of God (Nicene and Post-Nicene Fathers, First Series, vol. 2; Buffalo, NY: Christian Literature Publishing Co., 1887). Further reading: Meyers, J., Les miracles de saint Etienne. Recherches sur le recueil pseudo-augustinien (BHL 7860-7861), avec édition critique, traduction et commentaire (Turnhout: Brepols, 2006).

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