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E01061: Labels of tombs owned by a church dedicated probably to *Andrew (the Apostle, S00288, or Andreas 'Stratelates', soldier and martyr of Cilicia, S00763), in Korykos/Corycus (Cilicia, south-east Asia Minor). Probably late 5th or 6th c.

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posted on 08.01.2016, 00:00 by dlambert
Inscription 1:

The lid of a sarcophagus. There is no published detailed description of the monument. Recorded in 1891 by Edward Hicks.

+ σωματω-
θίκι τοῦ ἁ-
γίου Ἀνδρέα

'+ Sarcophagus (of the church) of Saint Andrew.'

Text: MAMA III, no. 781.

Inscription 2:

The lid of a sarcophagus. Letter height 0.08 m. Recorded in 1925. The sarcophagus bears a further inscription, engraved to the right of our text. It says that a certain Maria of Lycaonia is buried in the tomb. Her name is followed by a Christian imprecation, threatening potential desecrators of the grave.

+ τοῦ
ἁγίου
Ἀνδρέ-
α +

'+ (Sarcophagus of the church) of Saint Andrew. +'

Text: MAMA III, no. 577b.

History

Evidence ID

E01061

Saint Name

Andrew, the Apostle : S00288 Andreas Stratelates, martyr under Maximian : S00763

Saint Name in Source

Ἀνδρέας Ἀνδρέας

Type of Evidence

Inscriptions - Funerary inscriptions

Language

Greek

Evidence not before

450

Evidence not after

600

Activity not before

450

Activity not after

600

Place of Evidence - Region

Asia Minor

Place of Evidence - City, village, etc

Korykos

Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Korykos Nicomedia Νικομήδεια Nikomēdeia Izmit Πραίνετος Prainetos Nicomedia

Cult activities - Places

Cult building - independent (church)

Discussion

The inscriptions label tombs as the property of a certain 'holy Andrew'. This is presumably a reference to a church dedicated to *Andrew the Apostle or Andreas 'Stratelates', a soldier and martyr in Cilicia under the emperor Maximianus, venerated on the 19 August (BHG 118). Another, less plausible, possibility is that the term ἅγιος / 'holy' was used in the sense 'of blessed memory', and referred to an ordinary deceased Christian named Andreas (see Laminger-Pascher 1973). Dating: probably late 5th or 6th c. (based on the style of the sarcophagi and the lettering).

Bibliography

Edition: Inscription 1: Hagel, St., Tomaschitz, K., (eds.), Repertorium der westkilikischen Inschriften (Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Denkschriften der philosophisch-historischen Klasse 265, Ergänzungsbände zu den Tituli Asiae Minoris 22, Vienna: Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, 1998), no. Kry 113. Monumenta Asiae Minoris Antiqua III, no. 781. Inscription 2: Hagel, St., Tomaschitz, K., (eds.), Repertorium der westkilikischen Inschriften (Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Denkschriften der philosophisch-historischen Klasse 265, Ergänzungsbände zu den Tituli Asiae Minoris 22, Vienna: Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, 1998), no. Kry 459b. Monumenta Asiae Minoris Antiqua III, no. 577b. Further reading: Halkin, F., "Inscriptions grecques relatives à l'hagiographie, IX, Asie Mineure", Analecta Bollandiana 71 (1953), 89-90. Laminger-Pascher, G., "Die Bedeutung von ἅγιος in einigen korykischen Inschriften", Anzeiger der philosophisch-historischen Klasse der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften 110 (1973), 344-346. Mietke, G., "Monumentalisierung christilcher Heiliger in Kilikien in frühbyzantinischer Zeit", Olba 17 (2009), 121. Samellas, A., Death in the Eastern Mediterranean (50-600 A.D.). The Christianization of the East: An Interpretation (Studien und Texte zu Antike und Christentum 12, Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2002), 257, note 2.

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