Saint NameUnnamed martyrs (or name lost) : S00060
Thekla, follower of Apostle Paul : S00092
Image Caption 1Photograph. From: I. Tyana 2, Tafel 117.
Type of EvidenceInscriptions - Formal inscriptions (stone, mosaic, etc.)
Literary - Poems
Evidence not before400
Evidence not after600
Activity not before400
Activity not after600
Place of Evidence - RegionAsia Minor
Place of Evidence - City, village, etcTyana
Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)Tyana
Cult activities - Non Liturgical Practices and CustomsPrayer/supplication/invocation
Cult Activities - MiraclesHealing diseases and disabilities
SourceTwo conjoining marble plaques, found in a field at Kalay Göl/Direktaş (near ancient Tyana, Cappadocia, eastern Asia Minor). H. 0.27 m; W. 0.78 m; Th. 0.07 m; letter height 0.035 m. Kept in a private house in Bahçeli, Zağer Mahalle. Photographed by Dietrich Berges.
DiscussionThe inscription offers us a poem consisting of three hexameter verses, praising an undefiled female martyr and asking her to repel sickness and evil away probably by the power of her martyr crown. Reinhold Merkelbach and Josef Stauber plausibly suppose that the invoked martyr is Thekla, given that she was the most popular female martyr in Anatolia, and that the hagiographical writings on her life stress her devotion to virginity and open rejection of marriage. They believe that the poem was composed by a person seeking for healing, which implies that, if the inscription was found in situ, a healing shrine of Thekla was located near Tyana.
Tyana was one of the most prominent cities in Cappadocia, the capital of the province of Cappadocia Secunda (after its creation by the emperor Valens in 372) and the rival city of Kaisareia/Caesarea.
Dating: probably 5th-6th c. (based on the contents and the metre).
Die Inschriften vonTyana, no. 100 (after Berges' photograph).
Steinepigramme aus dem Griechischen Osten III, no. 13/07/06.
Destephen, S., "Martyrs locaux et cultes civiques en Asie Mineure", in: J.C. Caillet, S. Destephen, B. Dumézil, H. Inglebert, Des dieux civiques aux saints patrons (IVe-VIIe siècle) (Paris: éditions A. & J. Picard, 2015), 101.