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E01010: Greek epitaph for a woman that was a 'servant of God and of the God-Bearer' (*Mary, Mother of Christ, S00033). Found near Tavium (Galatia, central Asia Minor). Probably 6th c. or later.

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posted on 21.12.2015, 00:00 by pnowakowski
ἔνθα κα-
τάκιτε
ἡ δούλι τοῦ
θ(εο)ῦ κ(αὶ) τῖς Θε-
οτόκου Ἐντολοῦς
πλισίον τῆς
ἀδελφῖς
αὐτῖς

'Here lies Entolous, servant of God and of the God-Bearer, next to her sister.'

Text and translation: I. North Galatia , no. 432, lightly modified.

History

Evidence ID

E01010

Saint Name

Mary, Mother of Christ : S00033

Saint Name in Source

Θεοτόκος

Type of Evidence

Inscriptions - Funerary inscriptions

Language

Greek

Evidence not before

500

Evidence not after

1300

Activity not before

500

Activity not after

1300

Place of Evidence - Region

Asia Minor

Place of Evidence - City, village, etc

Tavium

Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Tavium Nicomedia Νικομήδεια Nikomēdeia Izmit Πραίνετος Prainetos Nicomedia

Cult Activities - Protagonists in Cult and Narratives

Women

Source

A stone block, reused in a wall of the house at Büyüknefes (area of ancient Tavium, Galatia, central Asia Minor) mentioned in E01009. H. 0.6 m; W. 0.43 m.

Discussion

The inscription is the epitaph for an otherwise unattested woman, styled 'servant of God and of the God-Bearer (Theotokos)'. Dating: 6th c. or later (based on the contents, the occurrence of the 'servant-of-saint' formula, and letter forms).

Bibliography

Edition: I. North Galatia, no. 432. Jacopi, G., Dalla Paflagonia alla Commagene. Relazione sulla prima campagna esplorativa (Settembre 1935-XIII-Novembre 1935-XIV) (Rome: R. Instituto d'archeologia e storia dell'arte, 1936), 15, no. 2. Inscriptiones Christianae Graecae database, no. 2446: http://www.epigraph.topoi.org/ica/icamainapp/inscription/show/2446

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