Saint NameTheodotos, a probably Montanist martyr of Ancyra (Galatia, central Asia Minor), ob. c. 312 : S00626
Unnamed martyrs (or name lost) : S00060
Saint Name in Sourceμάρτυς ἀθλοφόρος
Type of EvidenceInscriptions - Formal inscriptions (stone, mosaic, etc.)
Literary - Poems
Evidence not before400
Evidence not after600
Activity not before400
Activity not after600
Place of Evidence - RegionAsia Minor
Place of Evidence - City, village, etcAnkyra
Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)Ankyra
Cult activities - PlacesCult building - independent (church)
Cult activities - Non Liturgical Practices and CustomsBequests, donations, gifts and offerings
Cult Activities - Protagonists in Cult and NarrativesWomen
SourceA slab found near a fountain at Kalecik (ancient Malos, area of Ankyra, Galatia, central Asia Minor). There is no published description of the stone.
DiscussionThe inscription commemorates an embellishment of a sanctuary of an unnamed martyr (styled μάρτυς ἀθλοφόρος / 'the prize-winning martyr'), probably Theodotos of Ankyra, the protagonist of the Martyrdom of Theodotos and the addressee of an invocation found at a cemetery near Kalecik, and presented as E00991.
The person who commissioned the embellishment (perhaps carried by the artisan Antoninos, mentioned in E00991), is Aglaomyris, an otherwise unattested woman, but certainly a rich member of the local elite. As Theodotos, the patron of the sanctuary, is sometimes considered a Montanist saint, the donor may also have been a supporter of this religious sect.
Except for the name of the donor, the inscription consists of one hexameter verse and a christogram.
Dating: 5th or 6th c. (based on the letter forms and the contents).
Tabbernee, W. (ed.), Montanist Inscriptions and Testimonia: Epigraphic Sources for Illustrating the History of Montanism (Macon, Ga.: Mercer University Press, 1997), no. 89.
Steinepigramme aus dem griechischen Osten, no. 15/02/10.
I. North Galatia, no. 211.
Legrand, Ph.-E., "Inscriptions de Paphlagonie", Bulletin de Correspondance Hellénique 21 (1897), 101.
Inscriptiones Christianae Graecae database, no. 2381: http://www.epigraph.topoi.org/ica/icamainapp/inscription/show/2381
Destephen, S., "Martyrs locaux et cultes civiques en Asie Mineure", in: J.C. Caillet, S. Destephen, B. Dumézil, H. Inglebert, Des dieux civiques aux saints patrons (IVe-VIIe siècle) (Paris: éditions A. & J. Picard, 2015), 102.
Mendel, G., "Catalogue des monuments grecs, romains et byzantins du Musée Impérial Ottoman de Brousse", Bulletin de Correspondance Hellénique 33 (1909), 348.
Mitchell, St., "The Life of Saint Theodotus of Ancyra", Anatolian Studies 32 (1982), 93-113.
Tabula Imperii Byzantini 4, 173, 201-202.
Bulletin épigraphique (1984), 481.
Supplementum Epigraphicum Graecum 32, 1263.