Saint NameMary, Mother of Christ : S00033
Saint Name in SourceΘεοτόκος Μαρία
Type of EvidenceInscriptions - Formal inscriptions (stone, mosaic, etc.)
Evidence not before490
Evidence not after600
Activity not before490
Activity not after600
Place of Evidence - RegionAsia Minor
Place of Evidence - City, village, etcKoukousos
Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)Koukousos
Cult activities - PlacesCult building - independent (church)
Cult activities - Non Liturgical Practices and CustomsSeeking asylum at church/shrine
SourceA round column, found in 1884 by John Robert Sitlington Sterrett in the eastern cemetery at Göksun (Koukousos, Armenia II, eastern Asia Minor). It was broken into two parts. The cross at the beginning of the first line was probably erased.
DiscussionThe inscription is on a boundary stone of a church or an estate belonging to a church of *Mary, Mother of Christ. This is a rare case, where Mary is called in an inscription by her name and not just as the God-Bearer (Theotokos).
The monogram in line 4, consists of letters Ν, Ο, Υ, and perhaps Θ and Τ. The editor did not attempt to decipher its meaning.
Though this inscription does not say so explicitly, boundary stones were usually bestowed upon sanctuaries by emperors.
Dating: Probably late 5th or 6th c. (as may other boundary stones were are dated by emperors of this period).
Sillington Sterrett, J.R., "An Epigraphical Journey in Asia Minor" (Papers of The American School of Classical Studies at Athens 2, 1883-1884, Boston 1888: Damrell and Upham, 1888), no. 280.
Bulletin épigraphique (1952), 154.