Saint NameKyrikos, 3rd c. child martyr in Tarsus, son of *Julitta : S00007
Saint Name in SourceΚύρικο[ς]
Type of EvidenceInscriptions - Formal inscriptions (stone, mosaic, etc.)
Evidence not before490
Evidence not after600
Activity not before490
Activity not after600
Place of Evidence - RegionAsia Minor
Place of Evidence - City, village, etcAmisos
Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)Amisos
Cult activities - PlacesCult building - independent (church)
Cult activities - Non Liturgical Practices and CustomsSeeking asylum at church/shrine
SourceA rectangular limestone block, found at Karaköy (area of Amisos, Helenopontus, north-eastern Asia Minor). H. 0.62 m; W. 1.02 m; letter height 0.04-0.05 m. One of its faces is decorated with a carving of a cross in a circle. The inscription was engraved on the side facing the village of Belek.
DiscussionHenri Grégoire was unsure how to classify this inscription. The copy he made reads clearly ΠΡΟCΤ(ΟΥ)ΑΓΙΟΥΚΥΡΙΚΟ. His first idea was to identify it as a boundary stone indicating the property belonging to a church or a monastery of Saint Kyrikos. Therefore, he corrected Π to Ο and read <ὅ>ρος τοῦ ἁγίου Κυρίκο[υ] / 'Boundary (of the church) of Saint Kyrikos'. However, Grégoire also considered other possibilities: that the inscription was a road sign showing the way to a church of Saint Kyrikos: πρὸς τοῦ ἁγίου Κυρίκο[υ] / 'To (the church) of Saint Kyrikos' or that it was a kind of prayer: προσ(ευχὴ) τοῦ ἁγίου Κυρίκο[υ] / 'The prayer of Saint Kyrikos' (which is less probable). Denis Feissel suggests that the enigmatic first word is actually προσ(φύγιον) and that the inscription marked the refuge site (asylum) of that church.
Dating: probably late 5th or 6th c. (as boundary stones are common, authorised by emperors of this period).
Anderson, J.G.C., Cumont, F., Grégoire, H., Studia Pontica, vol. 3, part 1: Recueil des inscriptions grecques et latines du Ponte et de l'Arménie (Brussels: Lamertin, 1910), no. 19.
Destephen, S., "Martyrs locaux et cultes civiques en Asie Mineure", in: J.C. Caillet, S. Destephen, B. Dumézil, H. Inglebert, Des dieux civiques aux saints patrons (IVe-VIIe siècle) (Paris: éditions A. & J. Picard, 2015), 103.
Grégoire, H., "Rapport sur un voyage d'exploration dans le Pont et en Cappdoce", Bulletin de Correspondance Hellénique 33 (1909), 8.
Delehaye, H., "Bulletin des publications hagiographiques", Analecta Bollandiana 30 (1911), 335.