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E00976: Greek inscription on a boundary stone of an estate belonging to a sanctuary of *Sergios (soldier and martyr of Rusafa, S00023) and *Bakchos (soldier and martyr of Barbalissos, S00079). Found near Amaseia (Helenopontus, northern Asia Minor). 527-565.

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posted on 12.12.2015, 00:00 by pnowakowski
On a boundary stone:

ἐνορία <ἀ>σ<υλ>ίας (?) τῶν ἁγίων
μαρτύρων Σεργίου καὶ Βάκ-
χου φιλοτιμηθέντες ὑπὸ τοῦ
βασιλέως ἡμῶν Ἰουστιν[ιανοῦ]

1. possibly ἐνορία <ἀ>σ<υλ>ίας Feissel (in a letter dated 17.09.2016), ἐνορίας μιας (?) Studia Pontica

'Territory of the asylum of the holy martyrs Sergios and Bakchos, granted by our emperor Justinian.'

Text: Studia Pontica II, 120, note 2, modified.

History

Evidence ID

E00976

Saint Name

Sergios, martyr in Syria, ob. 303-311 : S00023 Bakchos, martyr in Barbalissos (Syria), ob. c. 303-311 : S00079

Saint Name in Source

Σέργιος Βάκχος

Type of Evidence

Inscriptions - Formal inscriptions (stone, mosaic, etc.)

Language

Greek

Evidence not before

535

Evidence not after

565

Activity not before

535

Activity not after

565

Place of Evidence - Region

Asia Minor

Place of Evidence - City, village, etc

Amasea

Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Amasea Nicomedia Νικομήδεια Nikomēdeia Izmit Πραίνετος Prainetos Nicomedia

Cult activities - Places

Cult building - independent (church)

Cult activities - Non Liturgical Practices and Customs

Awarding privileges to cult centres

Cult Activities - Protagonists in Cult and Narratives

Monarchs and their family

Source

A stone found near Koumenos in the area of Aladjam, near ancient Amaseia (Helenopontus, north-eastern Asia Minor). Its existence was communicated to Franz Cumont by Anthimos Alexoudes, metropolitan bishop of Amaseia. There is no published description.

Discussion

The inscription is from a boundary stone of a sanctuary of Saints *Sergios and *Bakchos. According to the original reading, the first line contains an unusual introductory formula ἐνορίας μίας (?) τῶν ἁγίων, normally it should be ὅροι τῶν ἁγίων. However, we cannot be sure if this reading is correct. ἐνορία means 'territory' (see, for example, an inscription from Prokonnesos, published in the Packard Humanities Institute database under no. IMT Kyz PropInseln 1322: ἀπὸ χορίου Νενου ἐνορίας Μίρου πόλε[ως] / 'from the village of Nenos in the territory of the city of Miros'). The meaning of μιας is less clear in this context. Normally, μιᾶς is the feminine genitive of the numeral 'one' (εἷς, μία, ἕν). Perhaps the sanctuary owned several estates which were numbered no. 1, no. 2, etc. Therefore, one could understand the expression ἐνορίας μιᾶς τῶν ἁγίων μαρτύρων Σεργίου καὶ Βάκχου as '(Boundaries) of the estate (territory) no. 1 (of the church) of the holy martyrs Sergios and Bakchos'. The other, more plausible, possibility is that line 1 needs to be emended. Denis Feissel proposed that one could read the first two words as ἐνορία <ἀ>σ<υλ>ίας / 'the territory (site) of the refuge'. Dating: 527–565, based on a reference to the emperor Justinian.

Bibliography

Edition: Amelotti, M., Migliardi Zingale, L., (eds.), Le costitutioni giustinianee nei papiri e nelle epigrafi (Milan: A. Giuffré, 1985), 133. Cumont, F., Cumont, E., Studia Pontica, vol. 2: Voyage d'exploration archéologique dans le Pont et la Petite Arménie (Brussels: Lamertin, 1906), 120 note 2. Further reading: Anderson, J.G.C., Cumont, F., Grégoire, H., Studia Pontica, vol. 3, part 1: Recueil des inscriptions grecques et latines du Ponte et de l'Arménie (Brussels: Lamertin, 1910), 227. Amelotti, M., Migliardi Zingale, L., (eds.), Le costitutioni giustinianee nei papiri e nelle epigrafi (Milan: A. Giuffré, 1985), 135. Destephen, S., "Martyrs locaux et cultes civiques en Asie Mineure", in: J.C. Caillet, S. Destephen, B. Dumézil, H. Inglebert, Des dieux civiques aux saints patrons (IVe-VIIe siècle) (Paris: éditions A. & J. Picard, 2015), 104.

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