Saint NameSergios, martyr in Syria, ob. 303-311 : S00023
Bakchos, martyr in Barbalissos (Syria), ob. c. 303-311 : S00079
Saint Name in SourceΣέργιος
Type of EvidenceInscriptions - Formal inscriptions (stone, mosaic, etc.)
Evidence not before535
Evidence not after565
Activity not before535
Activity not after565
Place of Evidence - RegionAsia Minor
Place of Evidence - City, village, etcAmasea
Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)Amasea
Cult activities - PlacesCult building - independent (church)
Cult activities - Non Liturgical Practices and CustomsAwarding privileges to cult centres
Cult Activities - Protagonists in Cult and NarrativesMonarchs and their family
SourceA stone found near Koumenos in the area of Aladjam, near ancient Amaseia (Helenopontus, north-eastern Asia Minor). Its existence was communicated to Franz Cumont by Anthimos Alexoudes, metropolitan bishop of Amaseia. There is no published description.
DiscussionThe inscription is from a boundary stone of a sanctuary of Saints *Sergios and *Bakchos. According to the original reading, the first line contains an unusual introductory formula ἐνορίας μίας (?) τῶν ἁγίων, normally it should be ὅροι τῶν ἁγίων. However, we cannot be sure if this reading is correct. ἐνορία means 'territory' (see, for example, an inscription from Prokonnesos, published in the Packard Humanities Institute database under no. IMT Kyz PropInseln 1322: ἀπὸ χορίου Νενου ἐνορίας Μίρου πόλε[ως] / 'from the village of Nenos in the territory of the city of Miros'). The meaning of μιας is less clear in this context. Normally, μιᾶς is the feminine genitive of the numeral 'one' (εἷς, μία, ἕν). Perhaps the sanctuary owned several estates which were numbered no. 1, no. 2, etc. Therefore, one could understand the expression ἐνορίας μιᾶς τῶν ἁγίων μαρτύρων Σεργίου καὶ Βάκχου as '(Boundaries) of the estate (territory) no. 1 (of the church) of the holy martyrs Sergios and Bakchos'.
The other, more plausible, possibility is that line 1 needs to be emended. Denis Feissel proposed that one could read the first two words as ἐνορία <ἀ>σ<υλ>ίας / 'the territory (site) of the refuge'.
Dating: 527–565, based on a reference to the emperor Justinian.
Amelotti, M., Migliardi Zingale, L., (eds.), Le costitutioni giustinianee nei papiri e nelle epigrafi (Milan: A. Giuffré, 1985), 133.
Cumont, F., Cumont, E., Studia Pontica, vol. 2: Voyage d'exploration archéologique dans le Pont et la Petite Arménie (Brussels: Lamertin, 1906), 120 note 2.
Anderson, J.G.C., Cumont, F., Grégoire, H., Studia Pontica, vol. 3, part 1: Recueil des inscriptions grecques et latines du Ponte et de l'Arménie (Brussels: Lamertin, 1910), 227.
Amelotti, M., Migliardi Zingale, L., (eds.), Le costitutioni giustinianee nei papiri e nelle epigrafi (Milan: A. Giuffré, 1985), 135.
Destephen, S., "Martyrs locaux et cultes civiques en Asie Mineure", in: J.C. Caillet, S. Destephen, B. Dumézil, H. Inglebert, Des dieux civiques aux saints patrons (IVe-VIIe siècle) (Paris: éditions A. & J. Picard, 2015), 104.