Saint NameConstantine the Great, emperor, ob. 337 : S00186
Konstantinos (unspecified) : S01746
Saint Name in SourceΚωσσταντῖνος
Type of EvidenceInscriptions - Formal inscriptions (stone, mosaic, etc.)
Inscriptions - Inscribed architectural elements
Evidence not before600
Evidence not after900
Activity not before600
Activity not after900
Place of Evidence - RegionAsia Minor
Place of Evidence - City, village, etcAmasea
Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)Amasea
Cult activities - Non Liturgical Practices and CustomsPrayer/supplication/invocation
Cult Activities - Protagonists in Cult and NarrativesMonarchs and their family
Cult Activities - Cult Related ObjectsWater basins
SourceA white marble rectangular water basin, reused in a private garden at Amasya (ancient Amaseia, Helenopontus, north-eastern Asia Minor). Found by Franz Cumont in 1900, revisited by Henri Grégoire in 1907. Dimensions: W. 1.02 m x 0.9 m; diameter of the cavity 0.6 m; depth 0.5 m. Cumont was able to examine only one side of the basin. The other was fixed to a wall, perhaps it was also inscribed.
DiscussionThe inscription is an invocation of the 'holy lord Constantine', possibly the emperor Constantine, as a saint. Unfortunately, there is no way to securely date this inscription. Late antique dating would make it an important attestation to the cult of Constantine, just as in the case of E00867 and E01150. However, such an early date is dubious as comparable evidence for the cult of Constantine from this period is scarce. It is more reasonable to suppose that the invocation was engraved somewhat later, for example in the late 7th-9th c.
Anderson, J.G.C., Cumont, F., Grégoire, H., Studia Pontica, vol. 3, part 1: Recueil des inscriptions grecques et latines du Ponte et de l'Arménie (Brussels: Lamertin, 1910), no. 133
Halkin, F., "Inscriptions grecques relatives à l'hagiographie, IX, Asie Mineure", Analecta Bollandiana 71 (1953), 95 note 10.