Saint NameUnnamed saints (or name lost) : S00518
Saint Name in Source[ἅγι]οι
Type of EvidenceInscriptions - Funerary inscriptions
Evidence not before450
Evidence not after650
Activity not before450
Activity not after650
Place of Evidence - RegionAsia Minor
Place of Evidence - City, village, etcPrusias ad Hypium
Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)Prusias ad Hypium
Cult activities - Non Liturgical Practices and CustomsSaint as patron - of an individual
Cult Activities - Protagonists in Cult and NarrativesWomen
Ecclesiastics - lesser clergy
SourceA rough limestone block, found near Prousias / Prusias ad Hypium (Honoriad, northern Asia Minor), in a field between Prusias and Tepecik. H. 0.66 m; W. 0.5 m; Th. 0.24 m; letter height 0.04 m.
DiscussionThe inscription is the epitaph for a pious young woman, Anastasia. The closing eulogy is not completely preserved, but we can say that Anastasia is certainly praised as a person who diligently served God and his saints (δουλεύσασα [το(?)]ῦ θ(εο)ῦ καὶ τοῖς [ἁγί]οις). François Halkin completed the last line: 'an[d h]i[s angels]' / καὶ το[ῖς ἀγγέλοις αὐ]το[ῦ, but this reconstruction is too hypothetical to be accepted.
The phrasing of the eulogy may refer to a passage from the First Epistle to Timothy, which specifies requirements for the so-called "enrolled" / "canonical" widows: '(...) a widow (...) having been the wife of one man. Well reported of for good works (...) if she have washed the saints' feet, if she have relieved the afflicted, if she have diligently followed every good work' / Χήρα (...) ἑνὸς ἀνδρὸς γυνή, ἐν ἔργοις καλοῖς μαρτυρουμένη (...) εἰ ἁγίων πόδας ἔνιψεν, εἰ θλιβομένοις ἐπήρκεσεν, εἰ παντὶ ἔργῳ ἀγαθῷ ἐπηκολούθησεν (1Timothy 5:9-10). Though we cannot determine whether Anastasia held this position, it seems plausible that the statement that she was a diligent servant of saints is nothing more than a literary figure, and we cannot infer that she was engaged in the cult of saints in any exceptional way. For epitaphs with similar references to the First Epistle to Timothy, see E00978 and E01028.
Die Inschriften von Prusias ad Hypium, no. 121.
Dörner, F.K., Bericht über eine Reise in Bithynien (Österreichische Akademie der Wissenschaften. Philosophisch-Historische Klasse. Denkschriften Bd. 75, Abhandlung 1, Vienna: Im Kommission bei R.M. Rohrer, 1952), no. 35.
Halkin, F., “Inscriptions grecques relatives à l'hagiographie, IX, Asie Mineure”, Analecta Bollandiana 71 (1953), 97.