Saint NameMary, Mother of Christ : S00033
Saint Name in SourceΘεοτόκος
Type of EvidenceInscriptions - Inscribed architectural elements
Inscriptions - Formal inscriptions (stone, mosaic, etc.)
Evidence not before500
Evidence not after1300
Activity not before500
Activity not after1300
Place of Evidence - RegionAsia Minor
Place of Evidence - City, village, etcChalcedon
Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)Chalcedon
Cult activities - Non Liturgical Practices and CustomsPrayer/supplication/invocation
Cult Activities - Protagonists in Cult and NarrativesOther lay individuals/ people
SourceFour monograms inscribed on a column, found by Ioannes Miliopoulos before 1907 in the ruins to the east of Pendik (ancient Panteichion, area of Chalkedon / Chalcedon). Miliopoulos did not attempt to decipher them himself. A hypothetical interpretation was suggested to him by Henri Grégoire.
DiscussionThe interpretation of the meaning of these monograms, suggested by Henri Grégoire is hypothetical, though not unjustified.
Dating: This kind of invocation with the 'servant-of-saint' formula is usually dated to the 6th/8th c. or later, and is indeed common in the middle Byzantine period.
Die Inschriften von Kalchedon, no. 107.
Miliopoulos, I., "Βυζαντιακαὶ τοποθεσίαι", Byzantinische Zeitschrift 16 (1907), 557.
Miliopoulos, I., "Βυζαντιναὶ τοποθεσίαι", Byzantinische Zeitschrift 29 (1929-1930), 245.