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E00948: Coptic graffito of the 7th/8th c. in the monastery of Apa Apollo at Bawit, near Hermopolis (Middle Egypt) with an invocation to *Shenoute (abbot of the White Monastery, d. 465), Apa *Apollo (founder of the monastery at Bawit, 4th century ) and other unnamed holy fathers.

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posted on 08.12.2015, 00:00 by dlambert
IBaouit Clédat, p. 120, no 2:

ⲡⲛⲟⲩⲧⲉ ⲛⲛⲉⲛⲉⲓⲟⲧⲉ ⲉⲧⲟⲩⲁⲁⲃ ⲟ ⲁⲅⲓⲟⲥ ϣⲉⲛⲟⲩⲧⲉ ⲙⲛ ⲁⲡⲁ ⲁⲡⲟⲗⲗⲱ ⲙⲛ ⲛⲉⲛⲓⲟⲧⲉ ⲧⲏⲣⲟⲩ ⲉⲧⲟⲩⲁⲁⲃ

'God, of our holy fathers, saint Shenoute and Apa Apollo together with all our holy fathers!'

History

Evidence ID

E00948

Saint Name

Shenoute, abbot of the White Monastery near Akhmim/Panopolis (Upper Egypt), ob. c. 465. : S00688 Apa Apollo, founder of the monastery at Bawit : S00160

Saint Name in Source

ϣⲉⲛⲟⲩⲧⲉ ⲁⲡⲁ ⲁⲡⲟⲗⲗⲱ

Type of Evidence

Inscriptions - Graffiti

Language

Coptic

Evidence not before

600

Evidence not after

799

Activity not before

600

Activity not after

799

Place of Evidence - Region

Egypt and Cyrenaica

Place of Evidence - City, village, etc

Bawit

Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Bawit Hermopolis ϣⲙⲟⲩⲛ Ashmunein Hermopolis

Cult activities - Places

Cult building - monastic

Cult activities - Non Liturgical Practices and Customs

Prayer/supplication/invocation

Source

Graffito on the wall of chapel 19, see IBaouit Clédat, p. 120, no 2.

Discussion

The monastery of Apa Apollo was a site for pilgrimage, especially for people visiting the tomb of its founder Apa Apollo. Archaeological evidence points to the existence of a reception room for pilgrims of all ages and both sexes where many of them left their graffiti. Visitors came from various different areas and districts of Egypt, such as the Fayum and Aphrodito.

Bibliography

Clackson, S.J., Coptic and Greek Texts relating to the Hermopolite Monastery of Apa Apollo (Oxford, 2000), 6. Papaconstantinou, A., Le Culte des Saints en Égypte des Byzantins aux Abbassides (Paris, 2001), 185–186.

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