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E00936: Wall painting, almost certainly of *Michael (the Archangel, S00181) with a painted Greek label. Found in a church near Barata (Lycaonia, central Asia Minor). Probably 5th-6th or 8th-10th c.

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posted on 06.12.2015, 00:00 by pnowakowski
The painting is damaged. When recorded, only parts of the head of a young man were preserved.

Label of the painting:

Μιχαὴλ
ΚΙ

'Michael'

Text: Laminger-Pascher 1992, no. 117.

History

Evidence ID

E00936

Saint Name

Michael, the Archangel : S00181

Saint Name in Source

Μιχαήλ

Type of Evidence

Images and objects - Wall paintings and mosaics Inscriptions - Formal inscriptions (stone, mosaic, etc.)

Language

Greek

Evidence not before

400

Evidence not after

900

Activity not before

400

Activity not after

900

Place of Evidence - Region

Asia Minor

Place of Evidence - City, village, etc

Barata

Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Barata Nicomedia Νικομήδεια Nikomēdeia Izmit Πραίνετος Prainetos Nicomedia

Cult activities - Use of Images

  • Public display of an image

Source

Remnants of a picture of a young man with a painted Greek inscription (label), on plaster in Church 8 at Yukari Kaya Assar (between Kaya Sarın and Candar, area of Barata, Lykaonia, central Asia Minor), on a wall, to the right of the northern entrance. When recorded, only part of the head was visible. The inscription was positioned above and at the left of the head. Seen by William Ramsay in 1905 and 1908.

Discussion

William Ramsay supposed that the painting showed *Michael the Archangel and that the letters KI could be remnants of a misspelt epithet of Michael, e.g. ἀρχιστράτηγος / 'the commander-in-chief'. Gertrude Laminger-Pascher supposes, by contrast, that our inscription ends with the name of a supplicant. Though interesting, this idea is unconvincing, as the position of the inscription (upper left corner) is characteristic of labels of saints in early Byzantine wall paintings, not of dedicatory inscriptions. Dating: probably 5th-6th or 9th-10th c. (based on other inscriptions and paintings from this region).

Bibliography

Edition: Laminger-Pascher, G. (ed.), Die kaiserzeitlichen Inschriften Lykaoniens, vol. 1: der Süden (Denkschriften, Österreichische Akademie der Wissenschaften. Philosophisch-Historische Klasse. Ergänzungsbände zu den tituli Asiae Minoris 15; Denkschriften, Österreichische Akademie der Wissenschaften. Philosophisch-Historische Klasse 232, Vienna: Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, 1992), no. 117. Bell, G.L., Ramsay, W.M., The Thousand and One Churches (London: Hodder and Stoughton, 1909), 538, no. 26. Inscriptiones Christianae Graecae database, no. 710: http://www.epigraph.topoi.org/ica/icamainapp/inscription/show/710

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Evidence -  The Cult of Saints in Late Antiquity

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