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E00920: Greek inscription with a reference to Christ, described as the offspring of the holy Virgin (*Mary, Mother of Christ, S00033). Found at Laodikeia/Laodicea Combusta (Pisidia, west central Asia Minor). Probably 6th-8th c. or later.

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posted on 02.12.2015, 00:00 by pnowakowski
Calder's reading:

Ἰ(ησοῦ)ς Χ(ριστό)ς,
κος ἁ(γίας) π(αρθένου). ὁ Μανι-
ακις δοῦλος Χ(ριστο)ῦ

'Jesus Christ, the offspring of the holy Virgin. Maniakis, servant of Christ.'

Text: MAMA I, no. 249.

Laminger-Pascher's reading:

Ἰ(ησοῦ)ς Χ(ριστό)ς.
Κοσ(εις) (or Κοσ(μᾶς)) ἀπὸ Μανν-
ακις δοῦλος Χ(ριστο)ῦ

'Jesus Christ. Koseis (or: Kosmas) from Mannake, servant of Christ.'

Text: Laminger-Pascher 1984, no. 126.


Evidence ID


Saint Name

Mary, Mother of Christ : S00033

Saint Name in Source

ἁ(γία) π(αρθένος)

Type of Evidence

Inscriptions - Formal inscriptions (stone, mosaic, etc.)



Evidence not before


Evidence not after


Activity not before


Activity not after


Place of Evidence - Region

Asia Minor

Place of Evidence - City, village, etc

Laodikeia Katakekaumene / Laodicea Combusta

Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Laodikeia Katakekaumene / Laodicea Combusta Nicomedia Νικομήδεια Nikomēdeia Izmit Πραίνετος Prainetos Nicomedia

Cult activities - Non Liturgical Practices and Customs


Cult Activities - Protagonists in Cult and Narratives

Other lay individuals/ people


A piece of bluish limestone, reused in a well. It may originally have been part of a sarcophagus. H. 0.35 m; W. 0.176 m; Th. 0.84 m. The stone bears a carving of a cross pattée in a circular cavity, a six-leaved rosette and a whorl.


Gertrud Laminger-Pascher suggests that the second part of the inscription does not contain the reference to Mary as the Holy Virgin and Mother of Christ, but the name of a dedicant, who came from the village of Mannake, which is probably an alternative spelling of Manaba (Μάναβα, Μάναυα, Μάναυγα). The village lay between Side and Kotenna. Dating: This kind of invocation with the 'servant-of-saint' formula is usually dated to the 6th-8th c. or later. The formula is certainly common in the middle Byzantine period.


Edition: Monumenta Asiae Minoris Antiqua I, no. 249. Laminger-Pascher, G., Beiträge zu den griechischen Inschriften Lykaoniens (Ergänzungsbände zu den tituli Asiae Minoris 11, Denkschriften (Österreichische Akademie der Wissenschaften. Philosophisch-Historische Klasse) 173, Vienna: Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften), no. 126. Inscriptiones Christianae Graecae database, no. 524: Reference works: Supplementum Epigraphicum Graecum 34, 1378.

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